Kalari, Kālāri: 2 definitions

Introduction

Kalari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shilpa)

1) Kālāri (कालारि) or Kālārimūrti refers to one of the twenty-eighth forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Vātulāgama: twenty-eighth among the Siddhāntaśaivāgama. The forms of Śiva (eg., Kālāri) are established through a process known as Sādākhya, described as a five-fold process of creation.

2) Kālāri is also listed among the eighteen forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Kāraṇāgama (pratimālakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala): the fourth among the Siddhāntaśaivāgamas.

3) Kālāri is also listed among the eighteen forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Śilparatna (twenty-second adhyāya): a technical treatise by Śrīkumāra on Śilpaśāstra.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Martial Arts Traditions: A Survey (h)

Kalari refers to a ‘gymnasium’ or underground training hall, as defined according to ancient Indian martial arts (dhanurveda).—Kalarippayattu is believed to be one of the oldest martial arts in existence and to have originated in Kerala, where it flourished. A Kalari or ‘gymnasium’ is actually an underground training hall. Payattu means to fight, exercise or practise. Therefore, Kalarippayattu means the combat that is practised inside the traditional gymnasium called Kalari.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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