Kalarippayattu, Kaḷarippayaṯṯu: 1 definition


Kalarippayattu means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

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Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Martial Arts Traditions: A Survey (h)

Kalarippayattu refers to a fighting tradition of India, as defined according to ancient Indian martial arts (dhanurveda).—Kalarippayattu is believed to be one of the oldest martial arts in existence and to have originated in Kerala, where it flourished. A Kalari or ‘gymnasium’ is actually an underground training hall. Payattu means to fight, exercise or practise. Therefore, Kalarippayattu means the combat that is practised inside the traditional gymnasium called Kalari .

In Kerala, three styles of Kalarippayattu developed in different regions, the northern, southern and central styles, with distinct beliefs, practices and methods. The northern style traces its origin to Paraśurāma and its experts are called Gurukkal. The southern style traces its origin to Agastya; its experts are referred to as Āśāns. The central style is practised on floor paths known as kalams.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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