Abhishti, Abhiṣṭi, Abhīṣṭi: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Abhishti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Abhiṣṭi and Abhīṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Abhisti or Abhishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhiṣṭi (अभिष्टि) or Abhīṣṭi (अभीष्टि).—a. (Ved.) To be worshipped by offering srcrifices (Sāy. abhiyaṣṭavya); an assistant, a protector, one who is praised or worshipped as a protector, one who approaches to assist or attack, one who assails or overpowers an enemy, one who approaches in order to obtain, desiring, desire (these meanings are given by European scholars).

-ṣṭiḥ f. Assistance, help, worshipping, praising; a sacrifice; a hymn; approaching to assist or approaching in general; access.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiṣṭi (अभिष्टि).—1. [adjective] superior, victorious.

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Abhiṣṭi (अभिष्टि).—2. [feminine] help, aid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhiṣṭi (अभिष्टि):—[=abhi-ṣṭi] a m. (s-ti, [from] √1. as cf. 1. [plural] s-mas, etc.) an assistant, protector [‘one who is superior or victorious’ [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]], (generally said of Indra), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] f. (abhi-ṣṭis) assistance, protection, help, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (cf. sv-abhiṣṭi.)

3) Abhīṣṭi (अभीष्टि):—[from abhīṣ] f. wish, [Pbr.]

4) Abhiṣṭi (अभिष्टि):—[=abhi-ṣṭi] [from abhy-as] b See sub voce

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiṣṭi (अभिष्टि):—[tatpurusha compound] (ved.) I. 1. f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1) Approaching, moving towards, access; e. g. Ṛgv.: abhīmavanvantsvabhiṣṭimūtayontarikṣaprāṃ taviṣībhirāvṛtam . indram &c. (Sāyaṇa: = śobhanābhyeṣaṇavantaṃ śobhanābhigamanamityarthaḥ i. e. with graceful motion); or sa vetasuṃ daśamāyaṃ daśoṇiṃ tūtujimindraḥ svabhiṣṭisumnaḥ &c. (Sāy.: = suṣṭvabhyeṣaṇīyānyabhigamyāni sumnāni sukhāni yena deyāni i. e. who bestows happiness that is easy of access); comp. also abhiṣṭidyumna; or Ṛgv., Vājas.: vanemā te abhiṣṭibhiḥ (Mahīdh.: = mārgaiḥ, but comp. Ii. 1.).

2) Approaching in order to assist, assistance, help, protection; e. g. Ṛgv.: (indra) pāhi no dūrādārādabhiṣṭibhiḥ sadā pāhyabhiṣṭibhiḥ (Sāy.: = abhyāgamanaiḥ or abhita eṣaṇaiḥ); or yābhiḥ kaṇvamabhiṣṭibhiḥ prāvataṃ yuvamaśvinā . tābhiḥ &c. (Sāy.: = apekṣitābhī rakṣābhiḥ).

3) The object to be approached or aimed at, wish, desire; e. g. Ṛgv.: ūtīryuvoraha citra abhīke abhavannabhiṣṭayaḥ (Sāy.: = sarvaiḥ prāṇibhirabhyeṣaṇīyā abhavan); or śatenā no abhiṣṭibhirniyutvāṃ~ indrasārathiḥ (Sāy.: = abhita eṣaṇīyaiḥ kāmaiḥ); or Ṛgv.: indra sadyaścittamabhiṣṭaye karo vaśaśca vājinam (Sāy.: = abhimataprāptaye, but see also Ii. 1.); or Ṛgv., Vājas.: yo nūnaṃ mitrāvaruṇāvabhiṣṭaya ācakre (Mahīdh.: = abhimatalābhāya); or devaṃ devaṃ vovase devaṃ devamabhiṣṭaye (Sāy.: = abhilaṣitaprāptyartham; Mahīdh.: = abhilaṣitaphalāptaye, the sense of ‘attainment’ in the latter instances being rather implied by the fourth case than by the base of the word); or śaṃ no devīrabhiṣṭaya āpaḥ (Mahīdh.: = abhīṣṭāya; but comp. Ii. 1.); comp. also abhiṣṭikṛt. 2. m. f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1) One who goes towards; e. g. Ṛgv.: ā yaṃ pṛṇanti divi sadmabarhiṣaḥ samudraṃ na subhvaḥ svā abhiṣṭayaḥ (Sāy.: = ābhimukhyena gamanavatyaḥ).

2) One who approaches with a hostile purpose, attacking, conquering; an enemy; e. g. Ṛgv., Sāmav., Vājas.: (indra) mahāṃ~ abhiṣṭirojasā (Sāy.: = abhigantā i. e. śatrūṇāmabhibhavitā, but see also Ii. 2.); or Ṛgv.: indra svarṣā janayannahāni jigāyośigbhiḥ pṛtanā abhiṣṭiḥ (Sāy.: = abhigantā i. e. abhibhāvukaḥ san); comp. also abhiṣṭipā.

3) One who approaches for the sake of a desire, desirous of; e. g. Ṛgv.: ūrjo napādabhiṣṭaye (Sāy.: = abhīcchate mahyamannaṃ prayaccheti śeṣaḥ). E. According to Sāyaṇa, iṣ with abhi, kṛt aff. ktin, when abhiṣṭi would stand in the room of abhīṣṭi, analogously to śakandhu, halīṣā &c. for śakāndhu, haleṣā &c.; a more plausible E., however, seems to be sthā with abhi, kṛt or uṇ. aff. ki, when abhiṣṭi would stand instead of abhiṣṭhi, analogously to suṣṭu, duṣṭu, pulasti (explained by Mahīdh. to Vāj. 16. 43.: parogre tiṣṭhati pulastiḥ . yasya tatvaṃ chāndasaṃ rasya latvaṃ ca) &c.; an E. as ‘to be’ with abhi. kṛt aff. ktin, which is countenanced, too, by another explanation offered by Mahīdhara on pulasti, might apply to the meaning ‘attacking, conquering’, but would be scarcely reconcilable with the meanings implying ‘approach’ and ‘assistance’. Ii. 1. f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) Sacrificing towards, in presence of or completely, a complete sacrifice; e. g. Ṛgv.: indra sadyaścittamabhiṣṭaye &c. (see above 1. 1. 3.; the word being explained by Sāy. also ābhimukhyena yāgāya); or vanemā te abhiṣṭibhiḥ (Sāy.: = havirbhiḥ; comp. also I. 1. 1. and Iii. 1.); or śaṃ no devīrabhiṣṭaya āpaḥ (see above 1. 1. 3.; Sāy.: = yajñāya); or Vājas.: daivīṃ dhiyaṃ manāmahe sumṛḍīkamabhiṣṭaye (Mahīdh.: = abhi samantādyajanamabhiṣṭiḥ…abhimukhatvena prāptasya yajñasya siddhyartham); comp. also abhiṣṭikṛt. 2. m.

(-ṣṭiḥ) One to be worshipped by a sacrifice; e. g. Ṛgv.: mahāṃ~ abhiṣṭirojasā (see above I. 2. 2.; Sāy. in the corresponding Sāmaveda- verse: = ābhimukhyena yaṣṭavyaḥ, besides abhyeṣaṇaśīlo vā śatrūṇām); or Vājas.: īḍito devairharivāṃ~ 2 .. abhiṣṭirājuhvāno haviṣā śardhamānaḥ (where the word has the same sense and need not be explained as a [bahuvrihi compound], as Mahīdh. does: abhi samantādiṣṭiryāgo yasya; comp. also Iii. 2.). E. yaj with abhi, kṛt aff. ktin; comp. the remark under E. I. Iii. 1. f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) Praise, an encomiastic hymn; e. g. Ṛgv.: vanemā te abhiṣṭibhiḥ (see 1. 1. 1. and Ii. 1.; Sāyaṇa giving besides the quoted explanation also the sense stotraiḥ). 2. m.

(-ṣṭiḥ) One who is praised; e. g. Vājas.: īḍito devairhariśāṃ~ 2 .. abhiṣṭiḥ (see Ii. 2.; Mahīdh. giving besides the quoted explanation also the following: abhiṣṭūyata ityabhiṣṭiḥ). E. stu with abhi, uṇ. aff. ḍi (accord. to Mahīdhara). [The meanings s. Ii. and Iii. and the corresponding Ee. do not appear required by the context in the passages where the word occurs; and the commentators themselves either disagree or give the option of the meanings s. I. The Ṛgv. Prātisākhya observes that if abhiṣṭi precedes as first part of a compound another word beginning with a s, this s does not become ṣ; e. g. svabhiṣṭisumna, not svabhiṣṭiṣumṇa.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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