Itthi, Iṭṭhi: 6 definitions


Itthi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Itthi in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa Ficus tinctoria G. Forst. subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner from the Moraceae (Mulberry) family having the following synonyms: Ficus gibbosa, Ficus parasitica, Ficus swinhoei. For the possible medicinal usage of itthi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama


context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Itthi in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus talbotii in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) Itthi is also identified with Ficus tinctoria It has the synonym Ficus gibbosa Blume (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden. Calcutta. (1888)
· Florulae Insularum Australium Prodromus (1786)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1996)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Itthi, for example side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

itthi : (f.) woman; female. || itthī (f.), woman; female.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Itthi, & Itthī (f.) (Vedic stri, Av. strī woman, perhaps with Sk. sātuḥ uterus fr. Idg. °sī to sow or produce, Lat. sero, Goth. saian, Ohg. sāen, Ags. sāwan etc., cp. also Cymr. hīl progeny, Oir. sīl seed; see J. Schmidt, K. Z. XXV. 29. The regular representative of Vedic strī is P. thī, which only occurs rarely (in poetry & compn. ) see thī) woman, female; also (usually as —°) wife. Opp. purisa man (see e.g. for contrast of itthi and purisa J. V, 72, 398; Nett 93; DhA. I, 390; PvA. 153).—S. I, 33 (nibbānass’eva santike), 42, 125 (majjhim°, mah°), 185; A. I, 28, 138; II, 115, 209; III, 68, 90, 156; IV, 196 (purisaṃ bandhati); Sn. 112, 769 (Nom. pl. thiyo = itthi-saññikā thiyo SnA 513); J. I, 286 (itthi doso), 300 (Gen. pl. itthinaṃ); II, 415 (Nom. pl. thiyo); V, 397 (thi-ghātaka), 398 (Gen. Dat. itthiyā), V. 425 (nom pl. itthiyo); Vbh. 336, 337; DA. I, 147; PvA. 5, 44, 46, 67, 154 (amanuss° of petīs); Sdhp. 64, 79.—anitthi a woman lacking the characteristics of womanhood, an unfaithful wife J. II, 126 (= ucchiṭṭh° C.); kul’—itthi a wife of good descent Vin. II, 10; A. III, 76; IV, 16, 19; dahar° a young wife J. I, 291; dur° a poor woman J. IV, 38. ‹-› Some general characterisations of womanhood: 10 kinds of women enumd. at Vin. III, 139 = A. V, 264 = VvA. 72, viz. mātu-rakkhitā, pitu°, mātāpitu° bhātu°, bhaginī°, ñāti°, gotta°, dhamma°, sarakkhā, saparidaṇḍā; see Vin. III, 139 for expln. S. I, 38 (malaṃ brahmacariyassa), 43 (id.); J. I, 287 (itthiyo nāma āsa lāmikā pacchimikā); IV, 222 (itthiyo papāto akkhāto; pamattaṃ pamathenti); V, 425 (sīho yathā ... that’itthiyo); women as goods for sale S. I, 43 (bhaṇḍānaṃ uttamaṃ); DhA. I, 390 (itthiyo vikkiṇiya bhaṇḍaṃ).

— or —

Iṭṭhi°, in °khagga-dhāra at J. VI, 223 should be read iddha. (Page 118)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Iṭṭhi (इट्ठि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Iṣṭi.

2) Iṭṭhi (इट्ठि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kṛṣṭi.

3) Itthi (इत्थि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Strī.

4) Itthi (इत्थि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Strī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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