Ishu, Iṣu: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ishu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Iṣu can be transliterated into English as Isu or Ishu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Iṣu (इषु) refers to a weapon (“arrow”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Iṣu (इषु).—1. Arrow. 2. Height of an arc or segment of a circle. Note: Iṣu is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Iṣu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: iṣu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iṣu (इषु).—m., f. [iṣ-u; cf. also Uṇ.1.13]

1) An arrow; यामिषुं (yāmiṣuṃ)... हस्ते बिभर्षि (haste bibharṣi) Śvet.3.6; इषुभिः प्रतियोत्स्यामि (iṣubhiḥ pratiyotsyāmi) Bg.2.4.

2) The number five.

3) (In Math.) A versed sine.

4) Name of a Soma ceremony.

Derivable forms: iṣuḥ (इषुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Iṣu (इषु).—nt. (in Sanskrit only m., f.), arrow: Mahāvastu ii.82.4 and 5 iṣu kṣiptaṃ (n. sg.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣu (इषु).—mf.

(-ṣuḥ-ṣuḥ) 1. An arrow. 2. A versed sine. E. iṣ to go, and u Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣu (इषु).—[iṣ + u] 1., m. and f. An arrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣu (इषु).—[masculine] [feminine] arrow; poss. iṣumant (iṣumant).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Iṣu (इषु):—[from iṣ] a mf. an arrow, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in mathematics) a versed sine

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Soma ceremony, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] the number five, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a particular constellation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka xii, 7.]

6) [v.s. ...] [According to Dayānanda iṣu may mean ‘ray of light’; cf. [Greek] ἰός; [Zend] ishu.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. [dual number] (also) Name of two Viṣṭutis, [???]

8) b iṣu-dhi, etc. See 1. iṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣu (इषु):—(ṣuḥ) 2. m. f. An arrow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Iṣu (इषु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Isu, Usu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ishu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Isu (इसु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Iṣu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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