Ishtaka, Iṣṭaka, Iṣṭakā: 14 definitions



Ishtaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Iṣṭaka and Iṣṭakā can be transliterated into English as Istaka or Ishtaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Iṣṭaka (इष्टक).—Bricks used for buildings.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 254. 41; 269. 46.

1b) A son of Devāpi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 237. I
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका) refers to either “a brick” in general, or to a brick used in the construction of a sacrificial altar.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका) refers to “brick § 2.12.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका) refers to “bricks” (placed together for building an altar), according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“with the Iṣṭakās, the act should be made to coincide with the words tayā deva tena”. Commentary: When the different iṣṭakās or bricks are placed together for building an altar, &c., the act itself begins with the first and ends with the last words of the accompanying verse.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका) refers to “icons made with brick”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Vaiṣṇava Āgamas prescribe different materials for different types of icons installed in the temple. [...] Marīci and Bhṛgu state that the dhruva icons of Viṣṇu are made of processed earth (mṛd) with brick (iṣṭakā), wood (dāru), stone (śilā) and metal (loha) every succeeding one being superior to the one preceding in sequential order.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका).—Name of a deity (Nārāyaṇa Up.8).

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Iṣṭakā (इष्टका).—[iṣ-takan ṭāp Uṇ.3.148]

1) A brick; Mk.3.

2) A brick used in preparing the sacrificial altar &c. लोकादिमग्निं तमुवाच तस्मै या इष्टकी यावतार्वा यथा वा (lokādimagniṃ tamuvāca tasmai yā iṣṭakī yāvatārvā yathā vā) Kaṭh.1.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Iṣṭaka (इष्टक).—m. pl., name of a brahmanical gotra: Divyāvadāna 635.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका).—f.

(-kā) A brick; also iṣṭikā. E. iṣ to wish, takak Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका).—f. A brick, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 463.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका).—[feminine] brick.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Iṣṭakā (इष्टका):—[from iṣṭa] f. a brick in general

2) [v.s. ...] a brick used in building the sacrificial altar, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mṛcchakaṭikā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका):—(kā) 1. f. A brick.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका):—(von 2. iṣṭa) f. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 3, 146.] gebrannter Ziegel, Backstein; insbes. der zum Aufbauen eines Opferheerdes verwendete; uneig. heissen so auch andere unter die Backsteine eingereihte Stoffe. sā sainaṃ pakveṣṭakā bhūtvāpyapadyata tadyadiṣṭātsamabhavastadiṣṭakāstasmādagnineṣṭakāḥ pacanti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 1, 2, 22. fgg.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 13, 31.] avyathamānā.iṣṭakāṃ dṛṃhataṃ [14, 11. 17, 2. 35, 8.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 7, 1, 1, 32. fgg. 8, 7, 2, 17. fgg. 9, 4, 3, 6. fgg. 10, 4, 2, 1. fgg.] [Kaṭhopaniṣad 1, 15.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 4, 125.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 250.] [Suśruta 2, 181, 12.] tāvatyo (nämlich [1440]) gneryajuṣmatya iṣṭakāḥ [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 5, 28.] āhutīṣṭakā [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 4, 10, 1. 2.] iṣṭakāciti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 10, 1, 3, 5. fgg.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 17, 1, 13. 2, 5. 7, 28. 12, 18.] iṣṭakacita mit Verkürzung das Auslauts [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 65.] pakveṣṭakacitāni [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 197.] iṣṭakāpūraṇa [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 81.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 259. fg.] aniṣṭakā [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 2, 1, 10.] iṣṭakāgṛham [Hitopadeśa I, 186.] bhagavatā kanakaśaktinā caturvidhaḥ saṃdhyupāyo darśitaḥ . tadyathā pakveṣṭakānāmākarṣaṇamāmeṣṭakānāṃ tu cchedanaṃ piṇḍamayānāṃ secanaṃ kāṣṭhamayānāṃ pāṭanamiti . tadatra pakveṣṭake (lies ka, loc. von einem Thema mit verkürztem Auslaut) iṣṭikākarṣaṇam [Mṛcchakaṭikā 47, 8—10. 15.] — Vgl. iṣṭikā .

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Iṣṭakā (इष्टका):—, pakveṣṭakā [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 23.] saṃcaya [89, 1.] iṣṭakacita adj. aus Backsteinen aufgeführt, mit Backsteinen belegt: iṣṭakacite samantātpuruṣanikhāte vaṭau tarurjātaḥ . vāmana eva hi dhatte phalakusumaṃ sarvakālamalam .. [Śārṅgadhara’s Paddiiati 82, 234] bei [AUFRECHT,] [UJJVAL. S. 188.] iṣṭakāpūraṇa [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 269.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Iṣṭakā (इष्टका):—f. Ziegel , insbes. gebrannter Backstein.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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