Indrayava, Indra-yava: 9 definitions

Introduction

Indrayava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (I) next»] — Indrayava in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Indrayava (इन्द्रयव) is a Sanskrit name referring to the seeds of Kuṭaja (Wrightia antidysenterica, “Kurchi fruit”), from the Apocynaceae family. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). The word Indrayava is composed of Indra and yava (‘seed’).

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th century Ayurvedic work), the plant (Indrayava) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Kuṭaja, Kaliṅga, Vatsaka and Indrabīja.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Indrayava (इन्द्रयव) or Cakrāhva refers to Holarrhena antidysenterica, and is the name of a medicinal plant dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., Indrayava) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Indrayava (इन्द्रयव) refers to a medicinal plant known as Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Indrayava). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Indrayava (इन्द्रयव) (or Kuṭaja, Kaliṅga, Vatsaka) refers to (the fruit of) the medicinal plant Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth) A. DC, and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Indrayava] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Indrayava (इन्द्रयव) is another name for “Indravṛkṣa” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning indrayava] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (I) next»] — Indrayava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

indrayava (इंद्रयव).—m S See the derivative indrajava.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (I) next»] — Indrayava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Indrayava (इन्द्रयव).—seed of the Kutaja tree.

Derivable forms: indrayavaḥ (इन्द्रयवः), indrayavam (इन्द्रयवम्).

Indrayava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms indra and yava (यव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indrayava (इन्द्रयव).—mn.

(-vaḥ-vaṃ) The seed of the Wrightea antidysenterica. E. indra the plant, and yava seed: it is used medicinally in cases of diarrhœa, dysentery, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Indrayava (इन्द्रयव):—[=indra-yava] [from indra] n. Indra’s grain

2) [v.s. ...] the seed of the Wrightia Antidysenterica, [Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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