Charaka Samhita (English translation)

by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society | 1949 | 383,279 words | ISBN-13: 9788176370813

The English translation of the Charaka Samhita (by Caraka) deals with Ayurveda (also ‘the science of life’) and includes eight sections dealing with Sutrasthana (general principles), Nidanasthana (pathology), Vimanasthana (training), Sharirasthana (anatomy), Indriyasthana (sensory), Cikitsasthana (therapeutics), Kalpasthana (pharmaceutics) and Sidd...

Chapter 5 - The Pharmaceutics of Kurchi (vatsaka-kalpa)

1. We shall now expound the chapter entitled ‘The Pharmaceutics of Kurchi [vatsaka-kalpa].’

2. Thus declared the worshipful Atreya.

Synonyms, Varieties and Qualities

3. I shall declare the various names of kurchi, the difference between the female and the male of the species and expound the pharmaceutics of kurchi in a systematic and elaborate manner.

4. It is known by the names of Vatsaka, Kutaja [kuṭaja], Shakra [śakra], Vrikshaka [vṛkṣaka] and Girimallika [girimallikā]. Its seeds are known as Indrayava and Kalingaka [kaliṅgaka].

5. The male variety of the species is known by its big fruit, white flowers and thick leaves. The female variety is known by its dark and red flowers and by the small size of its fruit and stalk.

6. This (either variety) is curative of hemothermia and is free from any risk if administered even to delicate people. It is recommended in cardiac troubles, fever, rheumatic conditions and acute spreading affections.

Various Preparations

7-8½. The fruits of kurchi should be culled in their proper season aud should be dried and stored. A fistful of them should be crushed and soaked in the decoction of liquorice and the mountain ebony group of drugs, for a night. This should then be rubbed with rock-salt and honey and taken as a potion. This is a good emetic dose curative of Pitta and Kapha.

9-11. The powder of the fruits should be impregnated for eight days in the milky exudation of mudar, and dose of one tola of this powder should be taken as potion with the decoction of Jivaka. In a similar manner, the decoction of the emetic nut, bristly luffa, bottle gourd, cork swallow wort, rape seed or mahwa may be used, or even water mixed with rock-salt. The powder of its seeds may be given mixed with kedgeree, for the purpose of emesis


Here is the recapitulatory verse—

12. Nine preparations of decoctions, five of powders, three in water and one in kedgeree—thus in all, eighteen preparations have been described of kurchi.

5. Thus in the Section on Pharmaceutics in the treatise compiled by Agnivesha and revised by Caraka, the fifth chapter entitled ‘The Pharmaceutics of Kurchi [vatsaka-kalpa]’ not being available, the same as restored by Dridhabala, is completed.

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