Harisharman, Hariśarman: 6 definitions
Harisharman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Hariśarman can be transliterated into English as Harisarman or Harisharman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
1) Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्) is the name of a poor and foolish Brāhman mentioned in the “story of Tejasvatī ” according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 30. Accordingly, “there was a certain Brāhman in a certain village, named Hariśarman. He was poor and foolish and in evil case for want of employment, and he had very many children, that he might reap the fruit of his misdeeds in a former life. He wandered about begging with his family, and at last he reached a certain city, and entered the service of a rich householder called Sthūladatta”.
The story of Hariśarman was narrated by Somaprabhā to Kaliṅgasenā in order to demonstrate that “fate watches to ensure the objects of auspicious persons, as good servants of their masters, when the latter are not on the look-out”.
2) Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then a fight took place between those Vidyādhara princes on the one side and Prabhāsa and his comrades on the other, in which there was a great slaughter of soldiers. And in the single combats between the two hosts many warriors were slain on both sides, men, Asuras and Vidyādharas. Vīrasena slew Dhūmralocana and his followers, but, having been deprived of his chariot, he was in his turn killed by Hariśarman”.
The story of Hariśarman was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hariśarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
India history and geographySource: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (e.g., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Hariśarman) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्).—[masculine] names of [several] men.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a tāntric teacher. Mentioned in Śaktiratnākara Oxf. 101^b.
2) Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्):—on [dharma] Quoted several times by Raghunandana.
3) Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्):—Upādhiprakaraṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hariśarman (हरिशर्मन्):—[=hari-śarman] [from hari] ([Kathāsaritsāgara]) m. Name of various persons.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 2 books and stories containing Harisharman, Hariśarman, Harisarman, Hari-sharman, Hari-śarman, Hari-sarman; (plurals include: Harisharmans, Hariśarmans, Harisarmans, sharmans, śarmans, sarmans). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Notes on the story of Hariśarman < [Notes]
Chapter XXX < [Book VI - Madanamañcukā]
Vetāla 16: The Sacrifice of Jīmūtavāhana < [Appendix 6.1 - The Twenty-five Tales of a Vetāla]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 21 - Brāhmaṇas; Gift of Food and Water < [Section 7 - Kriyāyogasāra-Khaṇḍa (Section on Essence of Yoga by Works)]
Chapter 20 - The Great Efficacy of Giving (Charity) < [Section 7 - Kriyāyogasāra-Khaṇḍa (Section on Essence of Yoga by Works)]