Harishikha, Hariśikha: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Harishikha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hariśikha can be transliterated into English as Harisikha or Harishikha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Harishikha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Hariśikha (हरिशिख) is the son of Rumaṇvat (a minister of Udayana), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 23. Accordingly, when prince Naravāhanadatta (son of Udayana) grew up, all the king’s ministers brought there sons for the sake of his companion. Accordingly, “And that Prince Naravāhanadatta was always surrounded by those six ministers’ sons (e.g., Hariśikha), devoted to him alone, who commanded respect even in their boyhood, as if with the six political measures that are the cause of great prosperity”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hariśikha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Harishikha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Hariśikha (हरिशिख) is the name of an Indra, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] and those of the northern row, [i.e., Hariśikha ...], knew the birth of the Jina by clairvoyant knowledge from the trembling of their thrones. [...] Then all the Nāgas, etc., of the two rows came instantly each to his own Indra, like horses to their own stables. At their command their respective Ābhiyogika-gods created at once cars variegated with jewels and gold, twenty-five thousand yojanas square, with indradhvajas of two hundred and fifty yojanas. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Harishikha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hariśikha (हरिशिख).—[masculine] names of [several] men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hariśikha (हरिशिख):—[=hari-śikha] [from hari] ([Kathāsaritsāgara]) m. Name of various persons.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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