Goloka, aka: Go-loka; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Goloka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Goloka in Purana glossaries]

Goloka (गोलोक).—A divine world. Mostly cows live in this world which is above all the other worlds. Surabhi, daughter of Dakṣa, acquired great powers by doing rigorous penance in this world. Pandits say that Goloka is the upper lip, Brahmaloka, the lower lip of Mahāviṣṇu. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 347, Śloka 52).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Goloka (गोलोक).—The residence of Surabhi;1 bathers in Soma tīrtham and givers of presents of a cow with calf go to this region.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 27. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 32. 40; 41. 55; 42. 19; 43. 29; IV. 1. 156; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 159; 104. 53-55.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 191. 99; 205. 8.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Goloka in Shaivism glossaries]

Goloka (गोलोक) refers to the “world of cows”, which is explained in the twefth chapter of the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Goloka (गोलोक).—At the climax of the description of śivapura we come to learn that the goloka is none other than śivapura itself! However, the impact of this proposition, a most astounding revelation on the face of it, dwindles away as we realize that here goloka does not designate the well-known Vaiṣṇava paradise of the cowherd Kṛṣṇa; in fact, the Śaiva paradise earns the name because the five celestial cow-mothers reside there together with the bull of dharma. Accordingly, there follows a eulogy of the cows and of the merits of protecting, giving, possessing and tending them.

(Source): academia.edu: Śivadharmottara Purāṇa: a Survey
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Goloka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Goloka (गोलोक).—a part of heaven, cow-world.

Derivable forms: golokaḥ (गोलोकः).

Goloka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and loka (लोक).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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