Ghantakarna, aka: Ghaṇṭākarṇa, Ghanta-karna; 8 Definition(s)


Ghantakarna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ghantakarna in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.

While the gaṇas such as Ghaṇṭākarṇa were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa

1) Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण).—General. Ghaṇṭa and Karṇa were two Rākṣasa brothers who attained salvation by worshipping Viṣṇu. (Bhāgavata, daśama Skandha). But the elder brother, Ghaṇṭa alone is sometimes called by the name Ghaṇṭākarṇa in the Purāṇas. (See full article at Story of Ghaṇṭākarṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण).—One of the four attendants presented by Brahmā to Subrahmaṇya. Nandisena, Lohitākṣa, Ghaṇṭākarṇa and Kumudamālī are the four attendants. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verses 23-24).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण).—A Gaṇeśvara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 183. 65.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Ghantakarna in Shilpashastra glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण) is the name of a deity who removes a disease accrued from sins according to the Agnipurāṇa 50.41-42. Ghaṇṭākarṇa is assigned eighteen-arms with attributes like vajra, asi, daṇḍa, cakra, iṣu, mūṣala, aṅkuśa, mudgara, tarjanī, kheṭa, śakti, muṇḍa, pāśa, cāpa, ghaṇṭā, kuṭhāra and śūla (in both hands). The description agrees well with the Bhaior image which is eighteen-armed.

The Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasārasamuccaya (11-12th century) states about a Gaṇa of Śiva, as Ghaṇṭākarṇa under the heading Ghaṇṭeśa (6.251-255). He has eighteen-arms and the same attributes as those we and in the Agnipurāṇa. He is said to have a malicious disease under him. Being a tantric text, the fiercer hue about the features of Ghaṇṭākarṇa is clear. He is terrific, dark, destructive, with three-blood-shot eyes, like flames of fire, and so on. It also states that the deity is adorned with ornaments made of ghaṇṭās.

Source: A Few Fierce Images of Siva and Four Image Inscriptions
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Ghaṇṭākarṇa (dril bu'i rna ba can)—“bell-ears”, a terrible rākṣasa created by Śiva. He was at first an enemy of Viṣṇu and wore bells on his ears so that he would not even hear Viṣṇu's name. Eventually achieved salvation through performing austerities (tapas, dka' thub) and became a devotee of Viṣṇu.

Source: Kālacakra: The perimeter beings of the Kālacakra maṇḍala
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ghantakarna in Jainism glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण).—Ghaṇṭākarṇa, originally an old non-Āryan deity, was incorporated into the Hinduu pantheon as one of the gaṇas of Śiva and the Jainas comparatively recently attempted to introduce his worship. Late manuscripts of Ghaṇṭākarṇakalpa are obtained in Gujarat and Marwar.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Another deity worshipped highly is Ghantākarna Mahāvir who is believed to be a God who fulfils one’s wishes. His temple is at Mahudi in the state of Gujarāt.

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Jainism: a way of life
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghantakarna in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण).—

1) Name of a demigod under Śiva, (of Skanda or of Kubera) worshipped in the month of Chaitra (also -īśvaraḥ).

2) a fabulous demon, Rākṣasa; H.2.; Kathā. 3.

Derivable forms: ghaṇṭākarṇaḥ (घण्टाकर्णः).

Ghaṇṭākarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ghaṇṭā and karṇa (कर्ण).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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