Ghantika, Ghaṇṭikā, Ghaṇṭika, Ghāṇṭika: 15 definitions


Ghantika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका) refers to a “band with small bells” and represents a type of “ornaments of leg” (padabhūṣaṇa), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The ornaments for the legs and feet are common in Indian sculptures as well in day-to-day life. Bharata (cf. Nāṭyaśāstra 23.38-39) mentions some of the ornaments [viz. ghaṇṭikā (band with small bells) for the upper part of the ankle (gulpha)].

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका):—Uvula. Small soft structure hanging from free edge of soft pallate in the midline above the root of the tounge

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Ghaṇṭika (घण्टिक) [=Ghaṇṭhika?] refers to “bells”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult. Accordingly, “O goddess, Svacchanda is in the middle, within the abode of the triangle. Very powerful, he has five faces with three times five flaming eyes. [...] He sits on a great lotus and is adorned with a belt on his hips. He is adorned with small bells [i.e., ghaṇṭhikakṣudraghaṇṭhikaśobhāḍhyaṃ] and a garland of gems. There are anklets on his feet and they are well adorned with necklaces of pearls. He sits on Ananta as a seat and is like heated gold. On Ananta’s seat are seventy billion mantras. He is beautiful, divine, (white) like the stars, snow and the moon.]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghaṇṭikā (घंटिका).—f S A bell &c. See ghaṇṭā. 2 The uvula.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ghaṇṭikā (घंटिका).—f The bell. ghaṇṭā vājaṇēṃ Be ex- hausted, spent, consumed. Be out or clean gone.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका).—

1) A small bell.

2) The uvula.

--- OR ---

Ghaṇṭika (घण्टिक).—The alligator; Bhāvapra 5.1.39.

Derivable forms: ghaṇṭikaḥ (घण्टिकः).

--- OR ---

Ghāṇṭika (घाण्टिक).—

1) A bell-ringer; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.126.24; Bṛ. S. 1.6,12.

2) A bard who sings in chorus, especially in honour of gods or kings.

3) The Dhattūra plant.

Derivable forms: ghāṇṭikaḥ (घाण्टिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका).—(Sanskrit Gr. id.; AMg. ghaṇṭiā), (little, deco-rative) bell: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.16.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका).—f.

(-kā) The uvula or soft palate. E. ghaṇṭā a bell, and kan affix of similitude.

--- OR ---

Ghāṇṭika (घाण्टिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A bard, who sings in chorus, but especially in honour of the gods, and rings a bell in presence of their images. 2. Datura fastuosa. E. ghaṇṭā a bell affix ṭhak ghaṇṭayā carati .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghāṇṭika (घाण्टिक).—i. e. ghaṇṭā + ika, m. A bard who sings in honour of the gods, and rings a bell before their images, Mahābhārata 13, 6028.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṇṭika (घण्टिक).—[masculine] alligator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका):—[from ghaṇṭaka > ghaṇṭa] a f. a small bell, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 18 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. kṣudra-)

2) [v.s. ...] the uvula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Ghaṇṭika (घण्टिक):—[from ghaṇṭa] m. the alligator, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 10, 39]

4) Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका):—[from ghaṇṭika > ghaṇṭa] b f. See ṭaka.

5) Ghāṇṭika (घाण्टिक):—m. ([from] ghaṇṭā) a bell-ringer, strolling ballad-singer who carries a bell, bard who sings in chorus ([especially] in honour of the gods) ringing a bell in presence of the images, [Mahābhārata xiii, 6028; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā x, 6 and 12]

6) (also ghāṭika, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका):—(kā) 1. f. The uvula.

2) Ghāṇṭika (घाण्टिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A bard who uses a bell; Datura fastuosa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ghaṇṭika (घण्टिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ghaṃṭiya, Ghaṃṭiyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghantika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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