Ghanta, aka: Ghaṇṭā, Ghaṇṭa; 17 Definition(s)


Ghanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ghanta in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Ghaṇṭā (घण्टा)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. (It is not certain whether it was an ornament) Śiva is often associated with its use. He loved a garland of bells. He is called ghaṇṭā-priya and ghaṇṭīka.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1) Ghaṇṭa (घण्ट).—A brahmin born in Vasiṣṭha’s family. He spent hundred years worshipping Śiva. Once Ghaṇṭa asked sage Devala to give his daughter in marriage to him. But Ghaṇṭa’s ugliness stood in the way. So he abducted the daughter of the sage and married her. Enraged at this Devala cursed and turned him into an owl. He was also given redemption from the curse that he would regain his form the day he helped Indradyumna. (Skanda Purāṇa).

2) Ghaṇṭa (घण्ट).—See under Ghaṇṭākarṇa.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Ghaṇṭā (घण्टा, “shining, splendid”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ घण्टायै नमः
oṃ ghaṇṭāyai namaḥ.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ghaṇṭā (घण्टा):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Ghaṇṭā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Ghaṇṭa (घण्ट) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhitā.

Source: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Ghaṇṭā (or, the bell) is another musical instrument, which is generally found in the hands of Vīrabhadra and Kālī.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Ghaṇṭā (Bell) - Impermanence. The phenomenal world which is impermanent and evanescent. Creation of the transient universe through sound — being perceived but not held and kept.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Ghaṇṭā (घण्टा, “bell”) refers to a type of musical instrument, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Ghaṇṭā or the bell is another musical instrument, which is generally found in the hands of Vīrabhadra and Kālī.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Ghanta in Katha glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Ghaṇṭa (घण्ट) is the name of a Dānava, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, “... long ago there came to impede Prajāpati, in his creation of creatures, two terrible Dānavas, named Ghaṇṭa and Nighaṇṭa, invincible even by gods. And the Creator, being desirous of destroying them, created these two maidens, the splendour of whose measureless beauty seemed capable of maddening the world”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ghaṇṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Ghaṇṭā (घण्टा) refers to a “bell” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, ghaṇṭā]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Ghanta in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

ghaṇṭā : (f.) a bell.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ghaṇṭā, (f.) a small bell (cp. kiṅkanikā) J.IV, 215; VvA.36, 37, 279 (khuddaka°). As ghaṇṭī at Vism.181. (Page 256)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ghaṇṭā (घंटा).—f (S) A bell: also a plate of iron or mixed metal struck as a bell, or in telling the hours. ghaṇṭā vājaṇēṃ g. of s. Also ghaṇṭā hālaṇēṃ To be exhausted, spent, consumed; to be out or clean gone.

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ghāṇṭa (घांट).—f (ghaṇṭā S) A bell. 2 fig. A blab.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghaṇṭā (घंटा).—f The bell. ghaṇṭā vājaṇēṃ Be ex- hausted, spent, consumed. Be out or clean gone.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghaṇṭa (घण्ट).—a. Shining, splendid

-ṇṭaḥ 1 Name of Śiva.

2) A kind of sauce, a kind of dish.

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Ghaṇṭā (घण्टा).—[ghaṇṭ-ac]

1) A bell.

2) A plate of iron or mixed metal struck as a clock.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghaṇṭa (घण्ट).—m.

(-ṇṭaḥ) A sort of sauce, vegetables made into a pulp with water, turmeric, mustard seeds and capsicums. f.

(-ṇṭā) 1. A bell; also a plate of iron or mixed metal struck as a bell. 2. A plant: see ghaṇṭāpāṭalī E. ghana to strike, kta affix, fem. ṭāp and deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 70 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ghaṇṭākarṇa (घण्टाकर्ण).—m. (-rṇaḥ) One of Siva'S attendants, and is worshipped to preside over...
1) Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Agnimuk...
Yamaghaṇṭa (यमघण्ट) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter,...
Ghaṇṭāpatha (घण्टापथ).—m. (-thaḥ) The chief road through a village, a highway. E. ghaṇṭā a bell...
Ghaṇṭānāda (घण्टानाद).—m. (-daḥ) The sound of a bell, &c. E. ghaṇṭā, and nāda sound.
Ghaṇṭātāḍa (घण्टाताड).—m. (-ḍaḥ) A bell-man, one who strikes a bell or Ghadi. E. ghaṇṭā, and tā...
Ghaṇṭāvādya (घण्टावाद्य).—n. (-dyaṃ) The sound of a clock. E. ghaṇṭā and vādya playing.
Mukhaghaṇṭā (मुखघण्टा).—f. (-ṇṭā) Howling, uttering, a particular cry of grief, etc. E. mukha t...
Jaya-ghaṇṭā.—(EI 15; IA 12), a gong. Note: jaya-ghaṇṭā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical g...
Nirghaṇṭa (निर्घण्ट).—m. (-ṇṭaḥ) A vocabulary, an index. E. nir before, ghaṭi to endeavour, aff...
Ghaṇṭapūjā (घण्टपूजा) refers to the “worship of the bell” representing one of the various prepa...
Ghaṇṭaphalaka (घण्टफलक).—a shield with a ringing sound.Derivable forms: ghaṇṭaphalakaḥ (घण्टफलक...
Grīvāghaṇṭā (ग्रीवाघण्टा).—a bell hanging down from the neck of a horse.Grīvāghaṇṭā is a Sanskr...
Matsyaghaṇṭa (मत्स्यघण्ट).—a kind of fish-sauce. Derivable forms: matsyaghaṇṭaḥ (मत्स्यघण्टः).M...
Birudaghaṇṭā (बिरुदघण्टा).—a proclamation; अद्वैतश्रीजयबिरुदघण्टाघणघणः (advaitaśrījayabirudagha...

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