Anagamin, aka: Anāgāmin, Anāgamin; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anagamin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Anagamin in Mahayana glossaries]

Anāgamin (अनागमिन्) refers to one of the eighteen śaikṣa types of the twenty-seven total classes of individuals (pudgala), as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36. In contrast to the Pṛthagjana ‘the worldly’, the Āryas who have entered onto the Path (mārga) and who make up the holy Community (saṃgha), are arranged into various groups.

The list of the twenty-seven individuals [viz., Anāgamin] is one of the masterpieces of the Sarvāstivādin-Vaibhaṣika Abhidharma which, with the help of the canonical sources, has located them precisely along the Path to Nirvāṇa. (cf. Vibhāṣā, Saṃyuktābhidharmasāra and Abhidharmāmṛta). The Prajñāpāramitās have used the preceding sources broadly to establish their twenty categories of saints, but the end-point of the career is no longer the entry into Nirvāṇa but the arrival at the state of Buddha by the conquest of Anuttarasaṃyaksaṃbodhi.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Anagamin in Buddhism glossaries]
A Sanskrit word means one who does not return. It is the certification of the third fruit of Arhatship. After a Sakrdagamin cuts off the last three categories of his delusions in thought in the Desire Realm, he certifies to the third fruit, and never returns. See Four Fruition.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Anagamin in Pali glossaries]

Anāgāmin, (adj.-n.) (an + āgāmin) one who does not return, a Never-Returner, as tt. designating one who has attained the 3rd stage out of four in the breaking of the bonds (Saṃyojanas) which keep a man back from Arahantship. So near is the Anāgāmin to the goal, that after death he will be reborn in one of the highest heaven and there obtain Arahantship, never returning to rebirth as a man. But in the oldest passages referring to these 4 stages, the description of the third does not use the word anāgāmin (D.I, 156; II, 92; III, 107; M.II, 146) and anāgāmin does not mean the breaking of bonds, but the cultivation of certain specified good mental habits (S.III, 168, the anatta doctrine; S v.200—2, the five Indriyas; A.I, 64, 120, cultivation of good qualities, II 160; v.86, 171 = S 149). We have only two cases in the canon of any living persons being called anāgāmin. Those are at S v.177 and 178. The word there means one who has broken the lower five of the ten bonds, & the individuals named are laymen. At D.II, 92 nine others, of whom eight are laymen, are declared after their death to have reached the third stage (as above) during life, but they are not called anāgāmins. At It.96 there are only 3 stages, the worldling, the Anāgāmin, and the Arahant; and the Saṃyojanas are not referred to. It is probable that already in the Nikāya period the older, wider meaning was falling into disuse. The Abhidhamma books seem to refer only to the Saṃyojana explanation; the commentaries, so far as we know them, ignore any other. See Ps.II, 194; Kv. Tr. 74; Dhs. Tr. 302 n; Cp. 69.

—phala fruition of the state of an Anāgāmin; always in combn. sotāpatti° sakadāgāmi° anāgāmi° arahatta° Vin.I, 293; II, 240; IV, 29; D.I, 229; II, 227, 255; S.III, 168; v.411; A.I, 23, 44; III, 272 sq.; IV, 204, 276, 372 sq. —magga the path of one who does not return (in rebirths) Nd2 569b. (Page 31)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Anagamin in Sanskrit glossaries]

Anāgāmin (अनागामिन्).—m.

1) Not coming, not arriving.

2) Not future, not likely to return. -m. An epithet of the third among the 4 Buddhist orders.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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