Anagamin, Anāgāmin, Anāgamin: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Anagamin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Anāgamin (अनागमिन्) refers to one of the eighteen śaikṣa types of the twenty-seven total classes of individuals (pudgala), as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36. In contrast to the Pṛthagjana ‘the worldly’, the Āryas who have entered onto the Path (mārga) and who make up the holy Community (saṃgha), are arranged into various groups.

The list of the twenty-seven individuals [viz., Anāgamin] is one of the masterpieces of the Sarvāstivādin-Vaibhaṣika Abhidharma which, with the help of the canonical sources, has located them precisely along the Path to Nirvāṇa. (cf. Vibhāṣā, Saṃyuktābhidharmasāra and Abhidharmāmṛta). The Prajñāpāramitās have used the preceding sources broadly to establish their twenty categories of saints, but the end-point of the career is no longer the entry into Nirvāṇa but the arrival at the state of Buddha by the conquest of Anuttarasaṃyaksaṃbodhi.

Anāgamin means “non-returner”, composed of ‘an’ and ‘anāgāmin’, according to chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “the characters A-na (an-) mean ‘not’, K’ie-mi (āgāmin) mean ‘returner’. The ascetic thus named has ‘not returning’ as his characteristic. Having died in the desire realm (kāmadhātu), this man is reborn in the form realm (rūpadhātu) or in the formless realm (ārūpyadhātu); there his impurities are destroyed (kṣiṇāsrava) and he is no longer reborn”.

Notes: there are several kinds of anāgāmins: the most widespread list distinguishes five:

  1. Antarāparinirvāyin,
  2. Upapadyaparinirvāyin,
  3. Sābhisaṃskāraparinirvāyin,
  4. Anabhisaṃskāraparinirvāyin,
  5. Ūrdhvasrotas.

Whether alone or inserted into broader contexts, the list of the five anāgāmins is very widespread in the sūtras and in the Abhidharma, both Sanskrit as well as Pāli: Dīgha; Saṃyutta; Anguttara; Saṃgītiparyāya; Mahāvibhāṣā; Amṛtarasa; Kośabhāṣya.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryA Sanskrit word means one who does not return. It is the certification of the third fruit of Arhatship. After a Sakrdagamin cuts off the last three categories of his delusions in thought in the Desire Realm, he certifies to the third fruit, and never returns. See Four Fruition.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anagamin in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anāgāmin, (adj.-n.) (an + āgāmin) one who does not return, a Never-Returner, as tt. designating one who has attained the 3rd stage out of four in the breaking of the bonds (Saṃyojanas) which keep a man back from Arahantship. So near is the Anāgāmin to the goal, that after death he will be reborn in one of the highest heaven and there obtain Arahantship, never returning to rebirth as a man. But in the oldest passages referring to these 4 stages, the description of the third does not use the word anāgāmin (D.I, 156; II, 92; III, 107; M.II, 146) and anāgāmin does not mean the breaking of bonds, but the cultivation of certain specified good mental habits (S.III, 168, the anatta doctrine; S v.200—2, the five Indriyas; A.I, 64, 120, cultivation of good qualities, II 160; v.86, 171 = S 149). We have only two cases in the canon of any living persons being called anāgāmin. Those are at S v.177 and 178. The word there means one who has broken the lower five of the ten bonds, & the individuals named are laymen. At D.II, 92 nine others, of whom eight are laymen, are declared after their death to have reached the third stage (as above) during life, but they are not called anāgāmins. At It.96 there are only 3 stages, the worldling, the Anāgāmin, and the Arahant; and the Saṃyojanas are not referred to. It is probable that already in the Nikāya period the older, wider meaning was falling into disuse. The Abhidhamma books seem to refer only to the Saṃyojana explanation; the commentaries, so far as we know them, ignore any other. See Ps.II, 194; Kv. Tr. 74; Dhs. Tr. 302 n; Cp. 69.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anāgāmin (अनागामिन्).—m.

1) Not coming, not arriving.

2) Not future, not likely to return. -m. An epithet of the third among the 4 Buddhist orders.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anāgāmin (अनागामिन्).—f. °nī (= Pali id.), one who is destined no more to return to this world: Mahāvyutpatti 5135-6; Avadāna-śataka i.286.7; f. °nī (pl. °nyo) Divyāvadāna 533.26; °mi-phala, the fruit of attaining this condition, Divyāvadāna 18.6; 48.14; 50.9; Avadāna-śataka i.65.1 etc. See s.v. srota-āpanna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anāgāmin (अनागामिन्):—[=an-āgāmin] [from an-āgata] mfn. not coming, not arriving

2) [v.s. ...] not future, not subject to returning

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the third among the four Buddhist orders. (see, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 133])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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