Droha: 17 definitions


Droha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Droh.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Droha (द्रोह) refers to “desire to injure others”. It is part of an eightfold set (of activities) born of Anger. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.48)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Droha (द्रोह) possibly refers to “treachery” (killing secretly), according to the Manusmṛti 7.50. Accordingly, “[...] tale-bearing (paiśunya), Treachery (droha?), Envy (īrṣya), Slandering (sāhasa?), Misappropriation of property (arthadūṣaṇa), Cruelty of speech (vāgdaṇḍa) and of Assault (pāruṣya);—these constitute the eightfold set born of Anger. [...] in the set born of anger (krodhaja),—Assault (daṇḍapātana), Cruelty of speech (vākpāruṣya) and Misappropriation of property (arthadūṣaṇa),—are to be regarded as the three most pernicious (kaṣṭatama)”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Droha (द्रोह) refers to “harassment”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.6 (“The miraculous feat of Kārttikeya”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin named Nārada said to Kumāra (Kārttikeya): “[...] You are always subservient to great and pious love. You have six faces. You love the saintly persons who kneel to you. You are the lord of all people and their benefactor. You destroy those, who harass (droha-kara) the good. You are the preceptor of even Śiva. You are the lord of the entire universe. Your feet are served by all the gods. O lover of service, save me. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Droha (द्रोह) refers to “harm”, according to the commentary on the 11th century Jñānārṇava (verse 2.1), a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments? Is this body not cut down by diseases? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day [com.—drohadrohaṃ kurvanti—‘do harm’]? Are hells not dreadful? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit, you have a desire for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

drōha (द्रोह).—m (S) Malice, mischievousness, mind to injure.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

drōha (द्रोह).—m Malice.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Droha (द्रोह).—[druh bhāve-ghañ]

1) Plotting against, seeking to hurt or assail, injury, mischief, malice; अद्रोहशपथं कृत्वा (adrohaśapathaṃ kṛtvā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.35; मित्रद्रोहे च पातकम् (mitradrohe ca pātakam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.38; Manusmṛti 2.161;7.48; 9.17.

2) Treachery, perfidy.

3) Wrong, offence.

4) Rebellion.

Derivable forms: drohaḥ (द्रोहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droha (द्रोह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Mischief, malice, trespass, injury. 2. Offence, wrong. 3. Rebellion. E. druh to hurt or injure, affix bhāve ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droha (द्रोह).—i. e. druh + a, m. 1. Injury, [Pañcatantra] 45, 25. 2. Insidious wounding, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 48. 3. Perfidy, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 410.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droha (द्रोह).—[masculine] injury, wrong, offence, treachery.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Droha (द्रोह):—[from druh] a m. injury, mischief, harm, perfidy, treachery, wrong, offence, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

2) b etc. See above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droha (द्रोह):—(haḥ) 1. m. Mischief, rebellion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Droha (द्रोह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Doha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Droha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Droha (द्रोह) [Also spelled droh]:—(nm) malice, rancour; rebellion, hostility; ~[buddhi] malicious, malevolent; rebellious; hostile.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Drōha (ದ್ರೋಹ):—

1) [noun] betrayal of trust, faith or allegiance; treachery; perfidy; disloyalty; treason.

2) [noun] that which is not right or not just, proper, correct, etc.; esp., an unjust or immoral act; a wrong doing.

3) [noun] strong and deep-rooted dislike or hatred; enmity.

4) [noun] a man who cheats; a deceiver.

5) [noun] ದ್ರೋಹ ಎಣಿಸು [droha enisu] drōha eṇisu = ದ್ರೋಹ ಬಗೆ [droha bage]; ದ್ರೋಹ ಬಗೆ [droha bage] drōha bage to plan to cheat; ದ್ರೋಹ ಮಾಡು [droha madu] drōha māḍu to cheat; to deceive; ದ್ರೋಹವಾಗು [drohavagu] drōhavāgu (an act of disloyalty, cheating, etc.) to be committed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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