Dravatva; 2 Definition(s)


Dravatva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Dravatva (द्रवत्व, “fluidity”) is one of the additional guṇas (‘qualities’) added by Praśastapāda, on top of the seventeen guṇas in the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika
Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Dravatva in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dravatva (द्रवत्व, “fluidity”) or Dravatvaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to Praśastapāda and all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Dravatva (fluidity) is a quality (guṇa) which is defined by Praśastapāda as that which is the cause of the act of the flowing. It inheres in three substances namely earth, water and light. Viśvanātha also gives the similar definition of dravatva, but he makes the specification that cause here means non-inherent cause. Moreover, he says that dravatva is efficient cause (nimitta) in the formation of a lump. Śivāditya’s definition follows the line which he has taken in defining other guṇas. Thus he says dravatva is that which possesses the generality of dravatva and which is the noninherent cause of flowing. However, in his view dravatva resides in only one substance, which is marked difference from other Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.

Annaṃbhaṭṭa also follows the similar line. But he makes one addition. In his view dravatva is known the asamavāyikāraṇa of the first act of flowing of a liquid substance. So dravatva causes the first act of flowing while the subsequent acts are caused by velocity. It remains in earth, water and light.

The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas accept two kinds of dravatva, viz., sāṃsiddhika (natural) and naimittika (artificial). Artificial fluidity is caused by contact of fire. Natural fluidity is found in water only. Artificial fluidity resides in pṛthivī (earth) and tejas (light). Clarified butter, which are varieties of earth attain liquid state when come in contact with fire. Similarly fire in the form of gold also becomes liquid due to conjunction with heat.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Relevant definitions

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