Dharmya; 2 Definition(s)


Dharmya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Dharmya (धर्म्य).—What is meant by virtuous (dharmya) meditation? Meditation accompanied by spiritual values /virtues is called virtuous meditation. How many types of virtuous meditation are there?

It is of four types, namely:

  1. concentrating on objects of revelation (ājñāvicaya),
  2. concentrating on objects of misfortune / calamity (apāyavicaya);
  3. concentrating on objects of fruition of karmas (vipākavicaya);
  4. concentrating on objects of structure of the universe (saṃsthānavicaya).
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmya (धर्म्य).—a. [dharmādanapetaḥ-yat]

1) Consistent with law, duty or religon, lawful, legal; यो यस्य धर्म्यो वर्णस्य (yo yasya dharmyo varṇasya) Ms.3.22; 25-26.

2) Religious (as an act); क्रियाणां खलु धर्म्याणां सत्पत्न्यो मूलकारणम् (kriyāṇāṃ khalu dharmyāṇāṃ satpatnyo mūlakāraṇam) Ku.6.13.

3) Just, righteous, fair; धर्म्याद्धि युद्धाच्छ्रेयोऽन्यत्क्षत्रियस्य न विद्यते (dharmyāddhi yuddhācchreyo'nyatkṣatriyasya na vidyate) Bg.2.31; 9.2; Y.3.44; धर्म्यासु कामार्थयशस्करीषु (dharmyāsu kāmārthayaśaskarīṣu) Bk.1.9.

4) Legitimate.

5) Usual.

6) Endowed with particular qualities, as तद्धर्म्य (taddharmya); धर्म्यमणुमेतमाप्य (dharmyamaṇumetamāpya) Kaṭh.1.2.13.

7) Relating to Dharma; अध्येष्यते च य इमं धर्म्यं संवादमावयोः (adhyeṣyate ca ya imaṃ dharmyaṃ saṃvādamāvayoḥ) Bg.18.7.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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