Dattatreya, Dattātreya, Datta-atreya: 16 definitions


Dattatreya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dattatreya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय):—One of the sons of Atri and his wife Anasūyā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 4.1.15)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय).—(datta) A hermit famous in the purāṇas. Birth. Anasūyā, the wife of hermit Atri gave birth to Dattātreya. But Dattātreya was the incarnation of Mahāviṣṇu. (See full article at Story of Dattātreya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय) refers to one of the three sons of Atri and Anasuyā: one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Anasuyā was given to Atri.]. [...] Atri and Anasuyā gave birth to Durvāsas, Soma and Dattātreya.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय).—An combined incarnation of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Śiva of the Supreme Lord who appeared as the son of Anusuyā by Atri Muni to teach the path of mystic yoga.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय) refers to:—An incarnation of the Lord who is Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva combined, who appeared as the son of Anasuyā by Atri Muni to teach the path of mystic yoga. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.302-309.—Accordingly, “then Datta shall be meditated upon (thought of) as having knowledge for the body. He is stainless and illumines the right path by the rich (multitude of) radiance to men, sages and gods and to those who are interested in meditation who have acquired slight taste and follow the way of Brahman. He could prevent air from getting into and going (out of the bodies of people) and do the same thing to the mind. He could control (similarly) the Vedas, Āgamas and activities, castes and orders (in life) and is a guardian of castes and orders. He shall be thought of (as staying) above. the tree of intellect which does not shake (move), which is within the sea of mind and is rich in having the creepers of names (expressions). He is dark like the hill in the rainy season, is comparable to the fire in his lustre and destroys the net of obstacles as also the groups of sleep and laziness. He is to be meditated upon as having two hands. The form of an eminent Brahmin resembling a blossomed lotus and as holding a staff, darbhas and a rosary garland”.

These Vibhavas (e.g., Dattātreya) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in. Note: Dattātreya is the son of Atri and Anasūya; it is held here that he represents Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva. Kārtavīryārjuna is said to have become great through his favour. Dattātreya is held to be a descent of Viṣṇu. Datta is a part of the name Dattātreya.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Dattatreya (दत्तत्रेय) or Dattatreyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (e.g., Dattatreya-saṃhitā).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dattatreya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dattātrēya (दत्तात्रेय).—m (S) pop. dattātrēyaavadhūta m The son of the ṛṣi atri. He comprises in himself the triad, brahma, viṣṇu, śiva. His daily journeying was thus--For the early morning ablution, to kāśī, for the noon ablution, to mātāpura or māhūra, and thence for bhikṣā or alms, to kōlhāpūra, and for the night's repose, to the sahyādri or Western ghaṭs.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dattātrēya (दत्तात्रेय).—m The son of the ṛṣi, atri.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dattatreya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय).—Name of a sage, son of Atri and Anasūyā, considered as an incarnation of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśa; Bhāg. 9.23.24.

Derivable forms: dattātreyaḥ (दत्तात्रेयः).

Dattātreya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms datta and ātreya (आत्रेय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय).—m.

(-yaḥ) A sage, the son of Atri given to him by three deities Bramha, Vishnu and Siva. E. datta, and ātreya son of Atri: also datta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[+ dattātreya] Quoted in Madanapārijāta, Śrāddhaviveka, by Kaivalyāśrama (Oxf. 105^a): Adbhutagītā. B. 4, 36. Avadhūtagītā. Gaṇeśapañjarastotra. Poona. 396. Ghaṭitālaṃkāra jy. K. 226. Jīvanmuktistotra. Ben. 80. Dattagītā. Nāḍīparīkṣā med. Np. V, 32. Pañcatattvātmakastotra. Burnell. 201^a. Prabodhacandrikā Bhagavadgītāṭīkā. K. 36. Yogaśāstra. Varṇaprabodha, yoga. Hall. p. 14. Vidyāgītā. B. 4, 90. Svātmasaṃvittyupadeśa. P. 14.

2) Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय):—Svātmopadeśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय):—[from datta] m. Name of a sage (son of Atri by Anasūyā who favoured Arjuna Kārtavīrya), [Mahābhārata iii, xii f.; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 23, 23] (Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Śiva propitiated by his penance became in portions of themselves severally his sons Soma, Datta, and Dur-vāsas; hence worshipped as representing the Triad), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa i, 10, 10; iv, 11, 3; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xvi ff.; Bṛhan-nāradīya-purāṇa, 38 adhyāya xxi]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an author, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 9, 31 [Scholiast or Commentator]; Ānanda-laharī 2 and 96 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a family, [Pravara texts iii, 1]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dattātreya (दत्तात्रेय):—[dattā-treya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Son of Atri.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dattatreya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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