Calani, Cālanī, Calanī: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Calani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chalani.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Calanī (चलनी):—Fifth of the eight Mahāmātṛs existing within the Mātṛcakra, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. Calanī stands for the “wind”. The eight Mahāmātṛs are also called mudrās because all the directions are ‘sealed’ by them.

Calanī (as do each of the eight Mahāmātṛs) divides herself into eight (secondary) mātṛs, presided over by a Bhairava (fearsome manifestations of Śiva) and his Mātṛkā as consorts. The Mātṛs of this fifth and south-western group are born from Calanī’s body. They are presided over by Asitāṅga Bhairava.

The eight deities originating from Calanī are called:

  1. Tvacī,
  2. Sparśavatī,
  3. Gandhā,
  4. Prāṇā,
  5. Apānī,
  6. Samānanī,
  7. Udānī,
  8. Vyānī
  9. and Kṛkarā.

All of their names (except for Gandhā) relate to wind.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cālanī, (f.) (to cālana of calaka2) a pestle, a mortar Vin. I, 202 (in cuṇṇa° & dussa°, cp. saṇha). (Page 265)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

calanī (चलनी).—a (calana) Current--a coin. In comp. as gāṃvacalanī, pēṭhacalanī, bājāracalanī, sarakāracalanī.

--- OR ---

cāḷaṇī (चाळणी).—f (cāḷaṇēṃ) A sieve or strainer. 2 Sifting. 3 In cards. Sifting the hand. 4 Turning the tiles of a roof; turning and airing betel-leaves &c. 5 fig. Searching, sifting, investigating.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

calanī (चलनी).—a Current-a coin.

--- OR ---

cāḷaṇī (चाळणी).—f A sieve. Sifting; turning; fig. searching.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Calanī (चलनी):—[from calana > cal] f. = naka, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan viii, 267]

2) [v.s. ...] the rope for tying an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Cālanī (चालनी):—[from cālana > cāla] f. idem, [Cāṇakya] ([Subhāṣitāvali]), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xix, 16 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Calanī (चलनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Calaṇī, Cālaṇī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Calanī (चलनी) [Also spelled chalni]:—(nf) a sieve; (a) durable.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Calaṇī (चलणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Calanikā.

Calaṇī has the following synonyms: Calaṇiyā.

2) Calaṇī (चलणी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Calanī.

3) Cālaṇī (चालणी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cālanī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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