Calalinga, Cala-linga, Calaliṅga: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Calalinga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chalalinga.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Calalinga in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Calaliṅga (चललिङ्ग) refers to one of two main classes of liṅgas: a symbol used in the worship of Śiva. This class represents the movable liṅgas, as opposed to acalaliṅga, which represents the immovable. The term is used thoughout Śaiva literature.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Inscriptions of Ancient Nepal: Inscriptions

The chala liṅgas are variously called:

  1. mṛṇmaya (made of earth),
  2. lohaja (metal),
  3. ratnaja (jewels),
  4. dārujo (wood),
  5. śilaja (stone)
  6. and kṣaṇika (of anything but worshipped only for a moment).

The last are made of cooked rice. clay, butter, sandal paste, kurcha grass, flowers, jaggery and flour. According to T.A. Gopinath Rao the stone lingas under classification of chala are very small meant to be carried in the pocket by the followers of Śaiva cult called Jaṅgamas. Liṅgāyats or Virasaivas.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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