Biruda: 7 definitions

Introduction

Biruda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Biruda (बिरुद) or Viruda refers to a “panegyric” (in birudabandin) or a “reciter of panegyrics”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.37. The word Birudāvalī occurs in Vikramāṅkadevacarita 7.65. Nārāyaṇa explains Biruda as “might” (pratāpa). Jinarāja and Malli give pratāpastuti and praśasti respectively as equivalents. The word usually means “a title of honour”. In Śaṃkaradigvijaya 4.78 Biruda is explained by Dhanapati as “proclamation”. The word occurs also in the same work (4.41) in the usual sense. Dhanapati remarks that it is a deśīyaśabda. Cf. Prabhāvakacarita (Mahendrasūriprabandha); Prabandhacintāmaṇi; Viśvanātha’s Saugandhikāharaṇa.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Biruda (surname) also spelled viruda.—The Śilāhāras were very fond of assuming titles and birudas. The Dive Āgar plate of Mummuṇi, for instance, mentions as many as twenty birudas assumed by him, which occupy five lines out of sixteen in the formal part of the grant. The Śilāhāra feudatories assumed several titles and birudas indicative of their lineage, original habitation, power, character, learning, liberality, insignia, religious devotion, freedom from astrological influence, etc.

Most of the inscriptions of the Śilāhāras are in Sanskrit, and so, many of the titles and birudas they assumed are also in that classical language. But some of them are in Kannaḍa. This due to the fact that the Śilāhāras originally hailed from Tagara. As the mother tongue of the Śilāhāras was Kannaḍa, many of their titles and birudas are naturally in the same language.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Biruda.—(SII 1), also spelt viruda; ‘a surname’. Note: biruda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

biruda (बिरुद).—n (S) pop. birīda n A thread &c. worn (around the arm &c.) as a badge or token of one's forte or of some excellence or superiority. Ex. uṣṭrānīṃ biridēṃ bāndhōna || tumbarā puḍhēṃ māṇḍilēṃ gāyana ||; also makarabirudēṃ puḍhēṃ cālati || nabhacumbita dhvaja virājati ||. 2 Claim laid to; profession made of; pretensions set up to; pride indulged or merit arrogated upon. v bāḷaga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

biruda (बिरुद).—n A thread, &c., worn (around the arm, &c.) as a badge of one's forte; claim laid to.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Biruda (बिरुद).—

1) A token worn on the arm or hand etc. indicating excellence; बिरुदैश्च ध्वजैरुच्चैः कोषेणापि च भूयसा (birudaiśca dhvajairuccaiḥ koṣeṇāpi ca bhūyasā) Śiva. B.1.26.

2) A panegyric; पेठुश्च प्रथितामुच्चैर्बन्दिनो बिरुदावलिम् (peṭhuśca prathitāmuccairbandino birudāvalim) Śiva B.1.82; see विरुद (viruda).

Derivable forms: birudaḥ (बिरुदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Biruda (बिरुद):—or birada [wrong reading] for vi-ruda.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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