Bibhitaka, Bibhītaka: 6 definitions
Bibhitaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Bibhītaka (बिभीतक):—Another name for Vibhītaka (Terminalia bellirica), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Bibhītaka (बिभीतक).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—It is called ‘bibhītaka’ as the diseases fear of it. It mainly pacifies kapha and is useful in respiratory disorders such as cough, bronchial asthma etc. In early times its seeds were used as dice in gambling.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Bibhītaka (बिभीतक) is a Sanskrit word, possibly identified with Terminalia bellirica (bastard myrobalan) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.
The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as bibhītaka).”
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Bibhitaka (बिभितक) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.
Different kinds of trees (e.g., the Bibhitaka tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bibhītaka (बिभीतक).—m (S) A tree and its fruit, Beleric myrobalan, Terminalia belerica. 2 In popular understanding and use. Marking nut tree and fruit, Semecarpus anacardium.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bibhītaka (बिभीतक).—Terminalia Bellerica (Mar. behaḍā).
Derivable forms: bibhītakaḥ (बिभीतकः).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Kalidruma, Vibhitaka, Triphala, Vahetaka, Vaheduka, Vahaiduka, Bhutavriksha, Anilaghnaka, Kalivriksha, Tusha, Bhutavasa, Kalinda, Behada, Pathyashadangakvatha, Murchana, Akshika, Adhahpatana, Kali, Harya, Aksha.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Bibhitaka, Bibhītaka; (plurals include: Bibhitakas, Bibhītakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 6 - Description of the Land of Utkala < [Section 2 - Puruṣottama-kṣetra-māhātmya]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 80 - Indrajita sets out to fight once more < [Book 6 - Yuddha-kanda]
Chapter 73 - Indrajita making himself invisible puts the Monkey Army out of action < [Book 6 - Yuddha-kanda]
Chapter 22 - The Army crosses the Sea < [Book 6 - Yuddha-kanda]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXXVII - Different names of the Ayurvedic Drugs < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 197 - The Seven-day Bhāgavata Recitation < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 49 - Good Conduct < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 129 - The Deliverance of the Five Gandharva Maidens < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]