Asra, Ashra, Aśra, Āśra, Āsra: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Asra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśra and Āśra can be transliterated into English as Asra or Ashra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Asra (अस्र, “weeping”) occurs as being due to joy, indignation, smoke, collyrium, yawning, fear, sorrow, looking with a steadfast gaze, cold and sickness. Weeping should be represented on the stage by rubbing the eyes and shedding tears.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Asra (अस्र):—Indicating the borders of materials

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Asra (अस्र) refers to “blood”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman . Alone, being cut by swords [com.—swallows (pibati) his own blood (svāsraṃ), his own blood (svarudhiraṃ), and flesh (māṃsaṃ) which is mixed with it (kalilaṃ)], he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc., does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness. [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.

Synonyms: Rudhira, Asṛj.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āśrā (आश्रा).—m (āśraya S through H) See āśraya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āśrā (आश्रा).—m An asylum, a refuse. Support, shelter.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśra (अश्र).—A corner, mostly at the end of comp.; चतुरश्च, त्र्यश्र (caturaśca, tryaśra) &c.

-śram [aśnute netram, aś-rak]

1) A tear.

2) Blood (usually written asra q. v.) कबन्धानां श्रेणी कथमथ तताराश्र- सरितम् (kabandhānāṃ śreṇī kathamatha tatārāśra- saritam) Śiva. B.24.77.

Derivable forms: aśraḥ (अश्रः).

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Asra (अस्र).—[as-ran]

1) A corner, an angle.

2) Hair of the head.

-sram 1 Tear; अस्रोत्तरमीक्षितामिमाम् (asrottaramīkṣitāmimām) Kumārasambhava 5.61. क्षणं सुधांशुः स्रवदस्रसिक्तः (kṣaṇaṃ sudhāṃśuḥ sravadasrasiktaḥ) Rām. Ch.6.73.

2) Blood; अस्रस्तु कुन्तले कोणे रक्ते नेत्राम्बुनि स्मृतः (asrastu kuntale koṇe rakte netrāmbuni smṛtaḥ) Nm. तेषामद्य करिष्यामि तवास्रेणोदक- क्रियाम् (teṣāmadya kariṣyāmi tavāsreṇodaka- kriyām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.157.49.

Derivable forms: asraḥ (अस्रः).

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Āśra (आश्र).—[aśrameva, svārthe'ṇ] Tear.

Derivable forms: āśram (आश्रम्).

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Āsra (आस्र).—[asrameva svārthe'ṇ] Blood.

Derivable forms: āsram (आस्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśra (अश्र).—n.

(-śraṃ) 1. A tear. 2. Blood. E. aśū to spread, &c. and ra affix; see aśru and asra.

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Asra (अस्र).—m.

(-sraḥ) 1. A corner, an angle. 2. Hair. n.

(-sraṃ) 1. Blood. 2. A tear. E. asa to cast or throw, &c. affix rak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśra (अश्र).—[aś + ra] (see vb. śo). I. A substitute for aśri, when latter part of comp. adj., implying An angle, e. g. catur-, adj. Quadrangular, regular, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 32 (written with s instead of ś). Ii. n. A tear, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 13, 126; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 229 (with s instead of ś).

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Asra (अस्र).—see aśra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asra (अस्र).—1. [neuter] a tear.

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Asra (अस्र).—2. [adjective] throwing, hurling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśra (अश्र):—1. aśra ifc. for aśri (q.v.) e.g. caturaśra, try-aśra, qq.vv.

2) 2. aśra for asra (a tear, blood) q.v.

3) Asra (अस्र):—1. asra mfn. (√2. as), throwing, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

4) n. a tear, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa etc.] (often spelt aśra).

5) 2. asra n. blood, [Raghuvaṃśa xvi, 15] (cf. asṛj.)

6) 3. asra m. hair of the head, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Āsra (आस्र):—m. distress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) n. ‘a tear’ or ‘blood’ (cf. 1. 2. asra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśra (अश्र):—(śraṃ) 1. n. A tear; blood.

2) Asra (अस्र):—(sraḥ) 1. m. A corner. n. Blood.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Asra (अस्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Assa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asra in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Asra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) reliance; shelter..—asra (आसरा) is alternatively transliterated as Āsarā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aśra (ಅಶ್ರ):—

1) [noun] blood.

2) [noun] the hair growing on the head.

3) [noun] demoralising an enemy on emotional, sentimental grounds or by appeasing his passions, as a means of defeating him.

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Asra (ಅಸ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a drop of the salty fluid secreted by the lachrymal gland to lubricate the eyeball, kill bacteria, etc.; tear.

2) [noun] the usu. red fluid, consisting of plasma, red and white blood cells, etc., that circulates through the heart, arteries, and veins of vertebrates; blood.

3) [noun] any of the fine, threadlike outgrowths from the skin of an animal or human being; hair.

4) [noun] the tactics or plan of winning over an enemy using emotional and sentimental means.

5) [noun] the area at the tip of any of the angles formed at a street intersection; corner.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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