Asra, Ashra, Aśra, Āśra, Āsra, Āsrā: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Asra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśra and Āśra can be transliterated into English as Asra or Ashra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Asra (अस्र, “weeping”) occurs as being due to joy, indignation, smoke, collyrium, yawning, fear, sorrow, looking with a steadfast gaze, cold and sickness. Weeping should be represented on the stage by rubbing the eyes and shedding tears.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Asra (अस्र) refers to the “blood (of certain animals)” used in the recipe for producing flowers and fruits round the year (puṣpaphala-āpatti), according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly: “A healthy seed of a properly ripened Mangifera indica should be soaked in the blood (asra) of a tortoise and a hare and then should be dried in the direct heat of the sun. After a month it should be planted in a pit, previously prepared as per the method described before. Thereafter it should be showered with the milk of a she-goat. Then it blossoms into a tree with thousands of branches and produces lovely flowers and fruits round the year. This is no wonder”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Asra (अस्र):—Indicating the borders of materials

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Asra (अस्र) refers to “blood”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman . Alone, being cut by swords [com.—swallows (pibati) his own blood (svāsraṃ), his own blood (svarudhiraṃ), and flesh (māṃsaṃ) which is mixed with it (kalilaṃ)], he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc., does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness. [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.

Synonyms: Rudhira, Asṛj.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Asra in India is the name of a plant defined with Crocus sativus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Safran officinarum Medik. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Gard. Chron. (1879)
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Fl. Ital. (1860)
· Irid. Gen. (1827)
· Illustrations of the Botany of the Himalayan Mountains (1834)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Asra, for example diet and recipes, chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āśrā (आश्रा).—m (āśraya S through H) See āśraya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āśrā (आश्रा).—m An asylum, a refuse. Support, shelter.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśra (अश्र).—A corner, mostly at the end of comp.; चतुरश्च, त्र्यश्र (caturaśca, tryaśra) &c.

-śram [aśnute netram, aś-rak]

1) A tear.

2) Blood (usually written asra q. v.) कबन्धानां श्रेणी कथमथ तताराश्र- सरितम् (kabandhānāṃ śreṇī kathamatha tatārāśra- saritam) Śiva. B.24.77.

Derivable forms: aśraḥ (अश्रः).

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Asra (अस्र).—[as-ran]

1) A corner, an angle.

2) Hair of the head.

-sram 1 Tear; अस्रोत्तरमीक्षितामिमाम् (asrottaramīkṣitāmimām) Kumārasambhava 5.61. क्षणं सुधांशुः स्रवदस्रसिक्तः (kṣaṇaṃ sudhāṃśuḥ sravadasrasiktaḥ) Rām. Ch.6.73.

2) Blood; अस्रस्तु कुन्तले कोणे रक्ते नेत्राम्बुनि स्मृतः (asrastu kuntale koṇe rakte netrāmbuni smṛtaḥ) Nm. तेषामद्य करिष्यामि तवास्रेणोदक- क्रियाम् (teṣāmadya kariṣyāmi tavāsreṇodaka- kriyām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.157.49.

Derivable forms: asraḥ (अस्रः).

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Āśra (आश्र).—[aśrameva, svārthe'ṇ] Tear.

Derivable forms: āśram (आश्रम्).

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Āsra (आस्र).—[asrameva svārthe'ṇ] Blood.

Derivable forms: āsram (आस्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśra (अश्र).—n.

(-śraṃ) 1. A tear. 2. Blood. E. aśū to spread, &c. and ra affix; see aśru and asra.

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Asra (अस्र).—m.

(-sraḥ) 1. A corner, an angle. 2. Hair. n.

(-sraṃ) 1. Blood. 2. A tear. E. asa to cast or throw, &c. affix rak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśra (अश्र).—[aś + ra] (see vb. śo). I. A substitute for aśri, when latter part of comp. adj., implying An angle, e. g. catur-, adj. Quadrangular, regular, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 32 (written with s instead of ś). Ii. n. A tear, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 13, 126; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 229 (with s instead of ś).

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Asra (अस्र).—see aśra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asra (अस्र).—1. [neuter] a tear.

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Asra (अस्र).—2. [adjective] throwing, hurling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśra (अश्र):—1. aśra ifc. for aśri (q.v.) e.g. caturaśra, try-aśra, qq.vv.

2) 2. aśra for asra (a tear, blood) q.v.

3) Asra (अस्र):—1. asra mfn. (√2. as), throwing, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

4) n. a tear, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa etc.] (often spelt aśra).

5) 2. asra n. blood, [Raghuvaṃśa xvi, 15] (cf. asṛj.)

6) 3. asra m. hair of the head, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Āsra (आस्र):—m. distress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) n. ‘a tear’ or ‘blood’ (cf. 1. 2. asra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśra (अश्र):—(śraṃ) 1. n. A tear; blood.

2) Asra (अस्र):—(sraḥ) 1. m. A corner. n. Blood.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Asra (अस्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Assa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Asra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) reliance; shelter..—asra (आसरा) is alternatively transliterated as Āsarā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aśra (ಅಶ್ರ):—

1) [noun] blood.

2) [noun] the hair growing on the head.

3) [noun] demoralising an enemy on emotional, sentimental grounds or by appeasing his passions, as a means of defeating him.

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Asra (ಅಸ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a drop of the salty fluid secreted by the lachrymal gland to lubricate the eyeball, kill bacteria, etc.; tear.

2) [noun] the usu. red fluid, consisting of plasma, red and white blood cells, etc., that circulates through the heart, arteries, and veins of vertebrates; blood.

3) [noun] any of the fine, threadlike outgrowths from the skin of an animal or human being; hair.

4) [noun] the tactics or plan of winning over an enemy using emotional and sentimental means.

5) [noun] the area at the tip of any of the angles formed at a street intersection; corner.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Āsrā (आस्रा):—n. 1. asylum; shelter; dependency; 2. hope; trust; expectation;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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