Ashtama, Aṣṭama, Āṣṭama: 12 definitions


Ashtama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aṣṭama and Āṣṭama can be transliterated into English as Astama or Ashtama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aṣṭama (अष्टम).—A term used by ancient grammarians for the vocative case.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṣṭama (अष्टम).—a (S -f) Eighth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṣṭama (अष्टम).—a (-f) Eighth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭama (अष्टम).—a. (- f.) Eighth; गर्भाष्टमेऽब्दे कुर्वित ब्राह्मणस्योपनायनम् (garbhāṣṭame'bde kurvita brāhmaṇasyopanāyanam) Manusmṛti 2.36.

-maḥ The eighth part.

-mī 1 The eighth day in a lunar half month; Manusmṛti 4.128; चतुर्दश्यष्टमी चैव अमावास्या च पूर्णिमा । पर्वाण्येतानि राजेन्द्र रवि- संक्रान्तिरेव च (caturdaśyaṣṭamī caiva amāvāsyā ca pūrṇimā | parvāṇyetāni rājendra ravi- saṃkrāntireva ca) ||. Viṣṇu. P.

2) Name of a medical plant (koṭā- latā; Mar. kṣīrakākoḷī).

3) अष्टका (aṣṭakā) Śrāddha; अष्टमी यज्ञपरता चातुर्मास्यनिषेवणम् (aṣṭamī yajñaparatā cāturmāsyaniṣevaṇam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.142.15. [cf. L. octavus; Zend. astemo.]

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Āṣṭama (आष्टम).—[aṣṭamo bhāgaḥ, aṣṭama-ña] The 8th part; P.V.3.5-1.

Derivable forms: āṣṭamaḥ (आष्टमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭama (अष्टम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Eight. f. (-mī) 1. The eighth day of the fortnight. 2. A medicinal plant: see kṣīrakākolī, the last of a class of eight medicinal plants: see aṣṭavarga. E. aṣṭan with ḍaṭ affix and maṭ augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭama (अष्टम).—i. e. aṣṭan + ma. I. ord. num., f. , Eighth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 36. Ii. m. An eighth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 120. Iii. f. , The eigth day of a lunar half month, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 327; 412.

— Cf. [Latin] octavus;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭama (अष्टम).—[feminine] ī eighth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭama (अष्टम):—[from aṣṭan] mf(ī)n. the eighth, [Ṛg-veda ii, 5, 2 x, 114, 9; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. ([Pāṇini 5-3, 51 [sequens]]) the eighth part, [Manu-smṛti x, 120]

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. forming the eighth part of ([genitive case]), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Śulba-sūtra]

4) Āṣṭama (आष्टम):—m. ([from] aṣṭama), the eighth part, [Pāṇini]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭama (अष्टम):—[(maḥ-mā-maṃ) a.] Eighth. () 3. f. The eighth day of the fortnight; a plant.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashtama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṣṭama (ಅಷ್ಟಮ):—

1) [adjective] last of eight; eighth.

2) [adjective] equal to one of eight equal parts; eighth.

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Aṣṭama (ಅಷ್ಟಮ):—[noun] (astrol.) the eighth house from one’s birth-house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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