Atthama, Aṭṭhama: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Atthama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Pacceka Buddha, one of the names given in a list of such. M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: archive.org: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Atthama (अत्थम) (Prakrit; in Sanskrit: Aṣṭama) refers to a kind of external penance, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 28, l. 32]—Ṣaṣṭha (Prakrit: Chaṭṭha) and Aṣṭama (Prakrit: Atthama) are each a kind of external penance—mortification of flesh Every day one takes two meals So one who gives up one meal on the first day, two on the second and one on the third and thus gives up meals up, to the fourth, is said to be practising ‘caturtha’. Similarly one who gives up two meals on each of the two days and one meal on a previous day and one at the end, and, thus gives up meals up to the sixth, is said to be practising ‘ṣaṣṭha’. One who practises ‘aṣṭama’ gives up meals up to the eighth.

context information

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atthama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aṭṭhama : (adj.) the eighth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṭṭhama, (num. ord.) (Sk. aṣṭama, see aṭṭha1) the eighth Sn. 107, 230 (cp. KhA 187), 437.—f. °ī the eighth day of the lunar half month (cp. aṭṭhakā) A. I, 144; Sn. 402; Vv 166 (in all three pass. as pakkhassa cātuddasī pañcadasī ca aṭṭhamī); A. I, 142; Sn. 570 (ito atthami, scil. divase, Loc.). (Page 16)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Atthama (अत्थम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Astami.

2) Atthāma (अत्थाम) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Asthāman.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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