Vancana, Vañcana, Vañcanā, Vamcana: 19 definitions


Vancana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vanchana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Vañcanā (वञ्चना) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Vañcanā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vañcanā (वञ्चना).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 27.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vancana in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Vañcana (वञ्चन) refers to “cheating (death)”, according to the Siddhāntamuktāvalī, an 18th-century text on Haṭhayoga consisting of 1553 verses.—The Siddhāntamuktāvalī significantly extends the original Haṭhapradīpikā by adding sections on the purification of the channels (nāḍīśuddhi), meditation (dhyāna), cheating death (kāla-vañcana) and  indifference (audāsīnya).

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vañcana (वञ्चन, “deceitfulness”) refers to one of the three kinds of contemplations (anupaśyanā) among ordinary people (pṛthagjana), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “To try to escape from desire (kāma) and form (rūpa), they contemplate the coarseness (pāruṣya), deceitfulness (vañcana) and corruption (kaṣāya) of the desire realm (kāmadhātu) and the form realm (rūpadhātu)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vañcana (वञ्चन) refers to “deceit”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Connections with pleasing sense objects, whose impressions are full of deceit (vañcana-uddhata-buddhi) like dreams, perish immediately”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vancana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vañcana : (nt.) cheating; fraud. || vañcanā (f.) cheating; fraud.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vañcana, (nt.) (fr. vañc, cp. Epic Sk. vañcana) deception, delusion, cheating, fraud, illusion D. I, 5; III, 176; A. II, 209; Sn. 242; Pv III, 95; Pug. 19; J. IV, 435; DhsA. 363 (for māyā Dhs. 1059); DA. I, 79; DhA. III, 403; PvA. 193.—vañcana in lit. meaning of vañcati 1 is found in avañcana not tottering J. I, 214. (Page 593)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vañcana (वंचन).—n (S) vañcanā f (S) Cheating, defrauding, deceiving, tricking.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vañcana (वंचन).—m-f Cheating.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vañcana (वञ्चन) or Vañcanā (वञ्चना).—[vañc-lyuṭ]

1) Cheating.

2) A trick, deceit, fraud, deception, trickery; वञ्चना परिहर्तव्या बहुदोषा हि शर्वरी (vañcanā parihartavyā bahudoṣā hi śarvarī) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.5; स्वर्गाभिसन्धिसुकृतं वञ्चनामिव मेनिरे (svargābhisandhisukṛtaṃ vañcanāmiva menire) Kumārasambhava 6. 47.

3) An illusion, delusion.

4) Loss, deprivation, hindrance; दृष्टिपातवञ्चना (dṛṣṭipātavañcanā) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3; R.11.36.

Derivable forms: vañcanam (वञ्चनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vañcana (वञ्चन).—n.

(-naṃ) Cheating, fraud. E. vañc to cheat, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vañcana (वञ्चन).—[vañc + ana], n., and f. , 1. Fraud, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 3, 54. 2. Being cheated, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 127, M.M. 3. Hallucination of mind, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 37 ().

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vañcana (वञ्चन).—[neuter] ā [feminine] deceit, fraud; p. navant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vañcana (वञ्चन):—[from vañc] nf (ā). ([from] [Causal]) cheating, deception, fraud, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (naṃ or nāṃkṛ, to practise fraud, cheat, take in; nāṃ-√labh or pra-√āp, to be deceived)

2) [v.s. ...] illusion, delusion, hallucination, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) Vañcanā (वञ्चना):—[from vañcana > vañc] a f. lost labour or time, [Kālidāsa] (cf. śīla-v).

4) [from vañc] b f. (See [preceding]) in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vañcana (वञ्चन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Cheating, fraud.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vañcana (वञ्चन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jūravaṇa, Vaṃcaṇa, Baṃcaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vancana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vaṃcaṇa (वंचण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vañcana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaṃcana (ವಂಚನ):—

1) [noun] = ವಂಚನೆ [vamcane].

2) [noun] an obstacle; an impediment.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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