Antra, Āntra: 7 definitions


Antra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Antra (अन्त्र, “intestines”) (Pali, Anta) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., antra]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Antra (अन्त्र) refers to “entrails” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, antra]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antra (अंत्र).—n S An entrail or bowel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antra (अंत्र).—n A bowel, entrail. antravṛddhi f In- guinal hernia.

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antrā (अंत्रा).—m The 2nd of the 3 divisions of a dhrupada.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र).—[antyate badhyate deho'nena, ant-karaṇe ṣṭran; according to Uṇ.4.163 am-ktra] An entrail, intestine; अन्त्रभेदनं क्रियते प्रश्रयश्च (antrabhedanaṃ kriyate praśrayaśca) Mv.3 the vitals of the heart are rent (marmabhidaḥ vācaḥ ucyante ityarthaḥ).

-ntrī Name of a plant (used against colic or wind in the stomach (Mar. varadhārā); cf. अजान्त्री, छगलान्त्री (ajāntrī, chagalāntrī)).

Derivable forms: antram (अन्त्रम्).

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Āntra (आन्त्र).—a. (-trī f.) [अन्त्र-अण् (antra-aṇ)] Relating to the bowels.

-tram Ved. Bowels, entrails; केचिदान्त्रैर्विनिःसृताः (kecidāntrairviniḥsṛtāḥ) Rām.6.52.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Antrā (अन्त्रा).—(1) (Sanskrit and Pali only nt. antra, anta) intes- tines: antrāyāṃ, loc., Divy 409.15; (2) a high number: Gv 106.7 (could also intend āntrā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र).—n.

(-ntraṃ) An entrail. E. ama to be sick, and tra Unadi aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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