Antra, Āntra, Amtra: 22 definitions


Antra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Āntra (आन्त्र):—Small intestine

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Antra (अन्त्र) refers to “(human ) entrails”, according to the Devīpañcaśatikā verse 2.74-79.—Accordingly: “One should draw the supreme goddess there. She is Śuṣkā and, auspicious, her face is emaciated. She has two arms and one face. She has no flesh and no blood (runs through her veins). (Made of just) tendons and bones, her body is thin and she likes (to eat) human entrails [i.e., nara-antra-ādi-priyā] and the like constantly. She is seated on Rudra’s severed head and her feet are placed on two (others). On the left is Viṣṇu’s head and on the right that of Indra and her legs are bent. She is the first (of all the deities) and fills (and nourishes all things). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Antra (अन्त्र) refers to the “intestines”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra, Tāntrikābhidhānakośa and Prabodhacandrodaya.—(Cf. pañcāmṛtākarṣaṇa—“extraction of the five nectars”).—[...] Other sources also describe Kāpālikas as making use of various parts of the human body. Kāpālikas use human flesh (mahāmāṃsa), brain (mastiṣka), intestines (antra), fat (vasā) and blood (kīlāla) in ritual, and drink alcohol (surā), according to Prabodhacandrodaya 3.13. [...] Now in chapter 46 of the Brahmayāmala, much like the Kāpālikas, the practitioner makes ritual use of human flesh, hair (keśa), bones (asthi), body fluids (picu), particularly blood (rakta), and intestines (antra); moreover, he offers and drinks alcohol (madirā).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Antra (अन्त्र) refers to “(animal) entrails”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] Caraka, when it seizes a young gazelle and eats its limbs and entrails (antra), produces irresistibly a loathing. Kecuka and other birds, afraid of the swiftness of the wings of Ṭonā and others, hiding themselves motionless in bushes, produce the emotion of fear”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Antra (अन्त्र, “intestines”) (Pali, Anta) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., antra]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Antra (अन्त्र) refers to “entrails” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, antra]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Antra (अन्त्र) or “large intestine” is associated with Surābhakṣī and Vajrahūṃkāra, according to the deities of the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Surābhakṣī and Vajrahūṃkāra:

Circle: vākacakra [=vākcakra?] (speech-wheel) (red);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Surābhakṣī;
Ḍāka (male consort): Vajrahūṃkāra;
Bīja: koṃ;
Body-part: nose tip;
Pīṭha: Kosala;
Bodily constituent: antra (large intestine);
Bodhipakṣa (wings of enlightenment): smṛtibala (power of mindfulness).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antra (अंत्र).—n S An entrail or bowel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antra (अंत्र).—n A bowel, entrail. antravṛddhi f In- guinal hernia.

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antrā (अंत्रा).—m The 2nd of the 3 divisions of a dhrupada.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र).—[antyate badhyate deho'nena, ant-karaṇe ṣṭran; according to Uṇādi-sūtra 4.163 am-ktra] An entrail, intestine; अन्त्रभेदनं क्रियते प्रश्रयश्च (antrabhedanaṃ kriyate praśrayaśca) Mv.3 the vitals of the heart are rent (marmabhidaḥ vācaḥ ucyante ityarthaḥ).

-ntrī Name of a plant (used against colic or wind in the stomach (Mar. varadhārā); cf. अजान्त्री, छगलान्त्री (ajāntrī, chagalāntrī)).

Derivable forms: antram (अन्त्रम्).

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Āntra (आन्त्र).—a. (-trī f.) [अन्त्र-अण् (antra-aṇ)] Relating to the bowels.

-tram Ved. Bowels, entrails; केचिदान्त्रैर्विनिःसृताः (kecidāntrairviniḥsṛtāḥ) Rām.6.52.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Antrā (अन्त्रा).—(1) (Sanskrit and Pali only nt. antra, anta) intes- tines: antrāyāṃ, loc., Divyāvadāna 409.15; (2) a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 106.7 (could also intend āntrā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र).—n.

(-ntraṃ) An entrail. E. ama to be sick, and tra Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र).— (for antara, cf. [Latin] interiora), n. An intestine (mostly used in the plur.), [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 25, 46.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र).—[neuter] (mostly [plural]) intestines, bowels.

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Āntra (आन्त्र).—[neuter] sgl. & [plural] the bowels, entrails.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antra (अन्त्र):—n. (contr. of antara; [Greek] ἔντερον), entrail, intestine (cf. āntra)

2) Āntra (आन्त्र):—1. āntra n. ([from] antra), the bowels, entrails, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) 2. āntra n. ([from] √am), a kind of pipe (for smoking), [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र):—1. n.

(-ntram) and according to one author. also m.

(-ntraḥ) . An intestine (mostly used in the plur. antrāṇi); e. g. antraiḥ kalpitamaṅgalapratisarāḥ…piśācāṅganāḥ; or āttasnāghvantranetraḥ (a. v. l. instead of ārttaḥ paryastanetraḥ in the Mālatīm. ed. Calc. p. 78). According to Suśruta ‘the entrails of a male are three fathoms and a half long, those of a female half a fathom less’ (sārdhatrivyāmānyantrāṇi puṃsāṃ strīṇāmardhavyāmahīnāni). Charaka divides them in sthūlāntra and kṣudrāntra, ‘the large and small intestines’. [The definition given by Vijnāneśvara (on Yaju. 3. 94.): kṣudrāntraṃ hṛtsthāntram is probably therefore to be rendered ‘kṣudrāntra are the entrails which are nearer the heart’, while the sthūlāntra are near the anus; comp. Suśruta: ‘vātavarconirasanaṃ sthūlāntrapratibaddhaṃ gudaṃ nāma marma’. The sthūlāntra in taken also by Vijnān. (on Yajn. 3. 96.) in the usual sense, since he writes sthūlāntragudodarāṇi prasiddhāni ‘the three words of the text sthūlāntra, guda and udara require no remark’.] 2. f.

(-ntrī) The name of a potherb (Convolvulus argenteus). [In the passage of the Amarak. chāgalāntryāvegī some comm. divide chāgala-antrī-āvegī, others make a compound of the two first; comp. also ajāntrī.] E. am, uṇ. aff. ktra; accord. to another author. uṇ. aff. ṣṭran. Probably, however, a contraction of antara, like avasra of avasara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antra (अन्त्र):—(ntraṃ) 1. n. An intrail.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Antra (अन्त्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṃta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Antra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Antra in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) alternative..—antra (अंतरा) is alternatively transliterated as Aṃtarā.

2) Antra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) any verse of a song etc. excepting the first.—antra (अंतरा) is alternatively transliterated as Aṃtarā.

3) Antra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) see [amtadi].—antra (अंत्र) is alternatively transliterated as Aṃtra.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃtra (ಅಂತ್ರ):—[noun] the digestive organ comprising of the small and the great intestines.

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Āṃtra (ಆಂತ್ರ):—[adjective] of, in or affecting the intestines.

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Āṃtra (ಆಂತ್ರ):—[noun] the lower part of the alimentary canal, extending from the stomach to the anus and consisting of the small intestine and the large intestine; the bowel.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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