Jetavanavihara, Jetavanavihāra, Jetavana-vihara: 3 definitions


Jetavanavihara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Jetavanavihara in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jetavanavihāra (जेतवनविहार) or simply Jetavana is the name of a stoppig-place, or vihāra located at Śrāvastī, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V. Note: The Jetavana-vihāra (Tche houan tsing chö) was offered to the Buddha by Anāthapiṇḍada who had first bought it from its owned, Jeta, for the price of its surface covered in pieces of gold. The story of the gift is in the Vinaya, II; Wou fen liu; Sseu fen liu; Che song liu; Ken pen chouo… p’o seng che; Nidānakathā.

Jetavana-vihāra is represented at Sāncī (north toraṇa, left abutment), at Bhārhut, at Gandhāra. The Buddha stayed there for nineteen varṣas (Dhammapadaṭṭha, I) and, when the Mṛgāramātṛprāsāda was built, he stayed at Jetavana and at Mṛgāramātṛptāsāda alternately, spending the day at one and the night at the other (Suttanipāta Commentary, I). The Jetavana was visited by Fa hien and Hiuan tsang who found it in ruins.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Jetavanavihara in India history glossary
Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Jetavanavihāra or Jetavana is the name of an ancient temple complex situated within the city of Anurādhapura.—The Jetavana-vihāra, also called Denānaka or Denā-vihāra in Sinhalese inscriptions and literature, was founded by Mahāsena (275-301) in the Jotivana Park on territory within the precincts of the Mahāvihāra. The king built it for the Mahāthera of Dakkhiṇa-vihāra. The Jetavanārāma monks were of the Sāgaliya sect which first established itself at Dakkhiṇa-vihāra in the year 253.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

1) Jetavanavihāra (जेतवनविहार) is the name of a temple (vihāra) situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Jetavana-vihāra was a vihāra near Savatthi in the Kosala country where the Buddha lived for some time.

2) Jetavana-vihāra (cf. Mahāvaṃsa) was situated near the Abhayagiri-dagoba in Anurādhapura, Ceylon.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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