Jetavana; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jetavana means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Jetavana in Theravada glossaries]

1. Jetavana - A park in Savatthi, in which was built the Anathapindikarama. When the Buddha accepted Anathapindikas invitation to visit Savatthi the latter, seeking a suitable place for the Buddhas residence, discovered this park belonging to Jetakumara (MA.i.471 says it was in the south of Savatthi). When he asked to be allowed to buy it, Jetas reply was: Not even if you could cover the whole place with money. Anathapindika said that he would buy it at that price, and when Jeta answered that he had had no intention of making a bargain, the matter was taken before the Lords of Justice, who decided that if the price mentioned were paid, Anathapindika had the right of purchase. Anathapindika had gold brought down in carts and covered Jetavana with pieces laid side by side. (This incident is illustrated in a bas relief at the Bharhut Tope; see Cunningham - the Stupa of Bharhut, Pl.lvii., pp.84-6). The money brought in the first journey was found insufficient to cover one small spot near the gateway. So Anathapindika sent his servants back for more, but Jeta, inspired by Anathapindikas earnestness, asked to be allowed to give this spot. Anathapindika agreed and Jeta erected there a gateway, with a room over it. Anathapindika built in the grounds dwelling rooms, retiring rooms, store rooms and service halls, halls with fireplaces, closets, cloisters, halls for exercise, wells, bathrooms, ponds, open and roofed sheds, etc. (Vin.ii.158f).

It is said (MA.i.50; UdA.56f) that Anathapindika paid eighteen crores for the purchase of the site, all of which Jeta spent in the construction of the gateway gifted by him. (The gateway was evidently an imposing structure; see J.ii.216).

Jeta gave, besides, many valuable trees for timber. Anathapindika himself spent fifty four crores in connection with the purchase of the park and the buildings erected in it.

The ceremony of dedication was one of great splendour. Not only Anathapindika himself, but his whole family took part: his son with five hundred other youths, his wife with five hundred other noble women, and his daughters Maha Subhadda and Cula Subhadda with five hundred other maidens. Anathapindika was attended by five hundred bankers. The festivities in connection with the dedication lasted for nine months (J.i.92ff).

Some of the chief buildings attached to the Jetavana are mentioned in the books by special names, viz., Mahagandhakuti, Kaverimandalamala, Kosambakuti and Candanamala. SNA.ii.403. Other buildings are also mentioned - e.g., the Ambalakotthaka asanasala (J.ii.246). According to Tibetan sources the vihara was built according to a plan sent by the devas of Tusita and contained sixty large halls and sixty small. The Dulva also gives details of the decorative scheme of the vihara (Rockhill: op. cit.48 and n.2).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of jetavana in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Jetavana in Mahayana glossaries]

Jetavana (जेतवन) or Jetavanavihāra is the name of a stoppig-place, or vihāra located at Śrāvastī, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V. Note: The Jetavana-vihāra (Tche houan tsing chö) was offered to the Buddha by Anāthapiṇḍada who had first bought it from its owned, Jeta, for the price of its surface covered in pieces of gold. The story of the gift is in the Vinaya, II; Wou fen liu; Sseu fen liu; Che song liu; Ken pen chouo… p’o seng che; Nidānakathā.

Jetavana-vihāra is represented at Sāncī (north toraṇa, left abutment), at Bhārhut, at Gandhāra. The Buddha stayed there for nineteen varṣas (Dhammapadaṭṭha, I) and, when the Mṛgāramātṛprāsāda was built, he stayed at Jetavana and at Mṛgāramātṛptāsāda alternately, spending the day at one and the night at the other (Suttanipāta Commentary, I). The Jetavana was visited by Fa hien and Hiuan tsang who found it in ruins.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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