Amshumati, Aṃśumatī, Aṃśumati: 9 definitions


Amshumati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aṃśumatī and Aṃśumati can be transliterated into English as Amsumati or Amshumati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Amshumati in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Aṃśumatī (अंशुमती).—The daughter of the Gandharva King named Dramila. Her story is narrated in the Śiva Purāṇa to illustrate the benefits of performing the Pradoṣa-Vrata. Sūta expatiates on the importance and advantages of Pradoṣa-Vrata to a number of sages in Naiṃiśāraṇya. King Satyaratha was a scrupulous observer of Pradoṣa-Vrata. Unfortunately he defaulted in his observance of the Vrata owing to unavoidable circumstances and, after his death, was born again as the King of Vidarbha. He was killed in a battle by the King of Sālva and his wife, pregnant at that time, fled to a forest. She gave birth to a son on the bank of a river. Then, when she stepped into the river to drink some water, she was carried away by a crocodile. Presently a Brahmin woman named Uṣā happened to pass that way with her son named Śucivrata. Seeing a newborn infant there, that Brahmin woman took him, gave him the name, Dharmagupta and brought him up as her own son. According to the advice of a pious Brahmin named Śāṇḍilya, both Śucivrata and Dharmagupta started performing Pradoṣa-Vrata. Lord Śiva was pleased with them and gave them much wealth. Dharmagupta happened to meet Aṃśumatī, daughter of the Gandharva King, Dramila, one day in a forest and they fell in love with each other. Dramila came to know of their love and so gave his daughter in marriage to Dharmagupta. As a result of the wealth and power which he had acquired by observing strictly Pradoṣa-Vrata Dharmagupta was able to return to Vidarbha, defeat King Sālva and regain his kingdom from him.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Amshumati in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Aṃśumati (अंशुमति) or Aṃśumatī is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Aṃśumati and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Aṃśumatī (अंशुमती) is another name for “Pṛśniparṇī” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning aṃśumatī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Aṃśumatī (अंशुमती) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of immobile or plant poison (sthāvaraviṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā (XII.56-57), “Taila or oil and ghee in combination with the following ingredients also neutralises plant poison, purified powder of Tāmra-suvarṇa or red sandalwood, Mañjiṣṭhā, honey, Aṃśumatī, Hareṇu, Tagara, Kuṣṭha, two varieties of Bṛhatī, Śālaparṇī, Yaṣṭī, sandalwood oil, Nāgakusuma, Trikaṭu, Vilaṅga, Lotus, leaves of Indradāru and Phalinī, two varieties of Śārivā”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Amshumati in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Amsumati in India is the name of a plant defined with Desmodium gangeticum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Pleurolobus maculatus J.St.-Hil. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1798)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Repert. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) (1842)
· Methodus (Moench) (1794)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Amsumati, for example diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Amshumati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṃśumatī (अंशुमती):—[=aṃśu-matī] [from aṃśu-mat > aṃśu] f. Name of a river (Yamunā?), [Ṛg-veda viii, 96, 13-15]

2) [v.s. ...] Hedysarum Gangeticum, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṃśumatī (अंशुमती):—(tī) 3. f. A plant (Hedysarum Gangeticum).

[Sanskrit to German]

Amshumati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Amshumati in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃśumati (ಅಂಶುಮತಿ):—

1) [noun] the river Yamunā, one of the important rivers of north India and a tributary to the Gaŋgā.

2) [noun] the plant Desmodium gangeticum ( = Hedysarum gangeticum) of Papilionaceae family.

3) [noun] the plant Centella asiatica ( = Hydroctyle asiatica) of Apiaceae (=Umbelliferae) family; Indian penny wort.

4) [noun] a pungent-smelling gum-resin got from the root latex of some plants; asafoetida.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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