Akarman: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Akarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akarman (अकर्मन्).—a. [na. ba]

1) Without work, idle; inefficient.

2) Disqualified for performing the necessary rites, wicked, degraded; अकर्मा दस्युरभि नो (akarmā dasyurabhi no) Ṛgveda 1.22.8.

3) (Gram.) intransitive, generally in this sense अकर्मक (akarmaka). --n. (rma) [न (na). त (ta)]

1) Absence of work; absence of necessary observances; neglect of essential observances; inaction; अकर्मणश्च बोद्धव्यं गहना कर्मणो गतिः (akarmaṇaśca boddhavyaṃ gahanā karmaṇo gatiḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 4.17,18.

2) An improper act; crime, sin.

3) Not doing (= akaraṇam), nonperformance; प्रतिषेधादकर्म (pratiṣedhādakarma) MS.1.8.1.

4) What should not be done; अकर्म वा कृतदूषा स्यात् (akarma vā kṛtadūṣā syāt) | MS.12.1.1 (where śabara explains akarma by na vā kartavyā dārśikī vediḥ |).

5) Non-act, non-activity: अन्यद्धि कर्म भक्षणं प्रतिषिध्यमानम् अन्यद् अकर्म मानसः संकल्पः (anyaddhi karma bhakṣaṇaṃ pratiṣidhyamānam anyad akarma mānasaḥ saṃkalpaḥ) | ŚB. on MS.6.2.19.

6) Not doing, violation. तदकर्मणि च दोषः (tadakarmaṇi ca doṣaḥ) MS.6.3.3. (where tadakarmaṇi is explained as pradhānātikrame by śabara); अकर्मणि चाप्रत्यवायात् (akarmaṇi cāpratyavāyāt) | MS 6.3.1.

7) A wrong act, an improper act. अकर्म च दारक्रिया या आधानोत्तरकाले (akarma ca dārakriyā yā ādhānottarakāle) | ŚB. on MS.6.8.14; अकर्म चोर्ध्वमाधानात्° (akarma cordhvamādhānāt°) | MS.6.8.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akarman (अकर्मन्).—1. [neuter] inactivity.

--- OR ---

Akarman (अकर्मन्).—2. [adjective] inactive, lazy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akarman (अकर्मन्):—[=a-karman] mfn. not working

2) [v.s. ...] not performing good works, wicked, [Ṛg-veda x, 2 2, 8]

3) [v.s. ...] inefficient

4) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) intransitive

5) [v.s. ...] n. absence of work

6) [v.s. ...] observances

7) [v.s. ...] improper work, crime.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akarman (अकर्मन्):—I. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-rmā-rmā-rma) 1) Without work, idle, unoccupied.

2) Unfit to work, inefficient.

3) Degraded, no longer performing essential rites.

4) (In grammar.) Having no direct object, intransitive (as a verb). See akarmaka, E. a priv. and karman. Ii. [tatpurusha compound] n.

(-rma) 1) Absence of occupation.

2) Loss or neglect of essential observances.

3) Improper act, crime, offence. E. a neg. and karman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akarman (अकर्मन्):—[a-karman] (mā-ma) a. Idle, unoccupied.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Akarman (अकर्मन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Akamma, Akammaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Akarman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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