Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 12.88

अथ नैरञ्जनातीरे शुचौ शुचिपराक्रमः ।
चकार वासमेकान्तविहाराभिव्रती मुनिः ॥ ८८ ॥

atha nairañjanātīre śucau śuciparākramaḥ |
cakāra vāsamekāntavihārābhivratī muniḥ || 88 ||

Then on the pure bank of the Nairanjana the saint whose every effort was pure fixed his dwelling, bent as he was on a lonely habitation.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.88). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Atha, Nairanjana, Ira, Shuc, Shuca, Shuci, Shucin, Parakrama, Cakara, Vasa, Ekanta, Vihara, Abhivratin, Muni,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 12.88). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “atha nairañjanātīre śucau śuciparākramaḥ
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • nairañjanāt -
  • nairañjana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    nairañjana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • īre -
  • īra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    īra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    īrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    īr (verb class 2)
    [present middle first single], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • śucau -
  • śuc (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śuc (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śuca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śuci (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śuci (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • śuci -
  • śuci (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śuci (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śuci (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śucin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śucin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śucī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    śucī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    śucī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śuc (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    śuc (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śuc (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • parākramaḥ -
  • parākrama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “cakāra vāsamekāntavihārābhivratī muniḥ
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • vāsam -
  • vāsa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāsā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ekānta -
  • ekānta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ekānta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vihārā -
  • vihāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • abhivratī -
  • abhivratin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • muniḥ -
  • muni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 12.88

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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