Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 12.89

पञ्चोपतस्थुर्दृष्ट्वात्र भिक्षवस्तं मुमुक्षवः ।
पुण्यार्जितधनारोग्यमिन्द्रियार्था इवेश्वरम् ॥ ८९ ॥

pañcopatasthurdṛṣṭvātra bhikṣavastaṃ mumukṣavaḥ |
puṇyārjitadhanārogyamindriyārthā iveśvaram || 89 ||

Five mendicants, desiring liberation, came up to him when they beheld him there, just as the objects of the senses come up to a percipient who has gained wealth and health by his previous merit.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.89). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pat, Atra, Bhikshu, Tap, Mumukshu, Punya, Arjita, Dhana, Arogya, Indriyartha, Iva, Ishvara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 12.89). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pañcopatasthurdṛṣṭvātra bhikṣavastaṃ mumukṣavaḥ
  • pañco -
  • pat -
  • pat (noun, masculine)
    pad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • asthur -
  • sthā (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third plural]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhikṣavas -
  • bhikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • mumukṣavaḥ -
  • mumukṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mumukṣu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “puṇyārjitadhanārogyamindriyārthā iveśvaram
  • puṇyā -
  • puṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    puṇ -> puṇyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇ -> puṇya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √puṇ]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
  • arjita -
  • arjita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arjita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ṛj -> arjita (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √ṛj]
    ṛj -> arjita (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √ṛj]
    ṛj -> arjita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ṛj]
    ṛj -> arjita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ṛj]
  • dhanā -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhan (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • arogyam -
  • arogya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    arogya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    arogyā (noun, feminine)
  • indriyārthā* -
  • indriyārtha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    indriyārthā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ive -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • iśvaram -
  • iśvara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    iśvara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 12.89

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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