Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.81

एवमाद्या महात्मानो विषयान् गर्हितानपि ।
रतिहेतोर्बुभुजिरे प्रागेव गुणसंहितान् ॥ ८१ ॥

evamādyā mahātmāno viṣayān garhitānapi |
ratihetorbubhujire prāgeva guṇasaṃhitān || 81 ||

'Great heroes such as these pursued even contemptible desires for the sake of pleasure, how much more so when they are praiseworthy of their kind?

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.81). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Evamadi, Evamadya, Mahatman, Vishaya, Garhita, Api, Rati, Hetu, Prak, Eva, Guna, Samhita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.81). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “evamādyā mahātmāno viṣayān garhitānapi
  • evamādyā* -
  • evamādi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    evamādya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    evamādyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mahātmāno* -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • viṣayān -
  • viṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • garhitān -
  • garhita (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
  • Line 2: “ratihetorbubhujire prāgeva guṇasaṃhitān
  • rati -
  • rati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ratī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • hetor -
  • hetu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • bubhujire -
  • bhuj (verb class 6)
    [perfect middle third plural]
    bhuj (verb class 7)
    [perfect middle third plural]
  • prāg -
  • prāk (indeclinable)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • guṇa -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃhitān -
  • saṃhita (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.81

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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