Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.29

मदेनावर्जिता नाम तं काश्चित्तत्र योषितः ।
कठिनैः पस्पृशुः पीनैः सङ्घट्टैर्वल्गुभिः स्तनैः ॥ २९ ॥

madenāvarjitā nāma taṃ kāścittatra yoṣitaḥ |
kaṭhinaiḥ paspṛśuḥ pīnaiḥ saṅghaṭṭairvalgubhiḥ stanaiḥ || 29 ||

There some of them, urged by passion, pressed him with their full firm bosoms in gentle collisions.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.29). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mada, Avarjita, Naman, Citta, Tra, Yoshit, Kathina, Pina, Sanghatta, Valgu, Stana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.29). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “madenāvarjitā nāma taṃ kāścittatra yoṣitaḥ
  • madenā -
  • mada (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mada (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • āvarjitā* -
  • āvarjita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āvarjitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nāma -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kāś -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • citta -
  • citta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    citta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cit (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • tra -
  • tra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yoṣitaḥ -
  • yoṣit (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “kaṭhinaiḥ paspṛśuḥ pīnaiḥ saṅghaṭṭairvalgubhiḥ stanaiḥ
  • kaṭhinaiḥ -
  • kaṭhina (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    kaṭhina (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • paspṛśuḥ -
  • spṛś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • pīnaiḥ -
  • pīna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    pīna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    pi -> pīna (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √pi class 6 verb]
    pi -> pīna (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √pi class 6 verb]
  • saṅghaṭṭair -
  • saṅghaṭṭa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • valgubhiḥ -
  • valgu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    valgu (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    valgu (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • stanaiḥ -
  • stana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.29

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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