Yoshit, Yoṣit: 14 definitions


Yoshit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Yoṣit can be transliterated into English as Yosit or Yoshit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yoṣit (योषित्) refers to “women”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.7.—Accordingly, after the Goddess (Umā/Śivā) incarnated as Pārvatī by becoming the daughter of Menā:—“The goddess of great brilliance assumed the form of her baby child in front of Menā and began to cry in accordance with the ways of the world. On account of her splendour that diffused all round the lying-in-couch, the midnight lamps that burnt in the lying-in-chamber were rendered dim in a trice, O sage. The women [i.e., sarva-yoṣit] in the house were extremely glad on hearing the gentle cry of the child. In their excited flutter and great pleasure they rushed in. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Yoṣit (योषित्) refers to “girls” according to the Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta 2.5 (“Prema: Love of God”).—Accordingly, “[...] All glories to His pastimes in the rainy season, like His resting at the feet of trees, and to His autumnal pastimes—enhanced by the beauty of the forests— which heaped the pain of Cupid’s torment on the women of Vraja. When will I see with my own eyes the way He dresses in forest attire, steals everyone’s heart with the downpour of sweetness from the music of His flute, and enchants all the cowherd girls [i.e., gopa-yoṣit-gaṇa-mohana]? [...]”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Yoṣit (योषित्) refers to “women”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] [And], O Goddess, [the Śivadharmadīkṣā] has two forms: in Śaiva scriptures the division of initiation is called that without the seed and that with the seed. The Ācārya performs the [initiation] which contains the duty to perform post-initiatory rites purified for children, imbeciles, those whose limbs suffered trauma, deaf people, women (yoṣitkuṇi yoṣitām), people who are suffering from chronic illness and kings and renouncers who are extremely devoted [to Śiva]; this [initiation] is the nirbījā. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Yoṣit (योषित्) refers to “women”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 13.1-9, while describing the appearance and worship of Viṣṇu]—“Or, [the Mantrin] worships a very handsome, eight-armed, yellow Deva. He is naked, sits on a ram, and is unadorned He rests on one horn [of a sheep and] offer up a pile of wheel spokes, the hand... having the shape of a boy. [He is] constantly at play with a flock of beautiful, naked women (yoṣit—yoṣitāṃ gaṇaiḥ). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Yoṣit (योषित्) refers to “women”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Women (yoṣit) do not come, nor indeed will they go away, with anyone. Nevertheless, those who are ignorant enter hell for the sake of them”.

Synonyms: Strī, Kalatra, Aṅganā, Vallabha, Rāma.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha

Yoṣit (योषित्) refers to the “(Eight) women” (of Indra’s court) which refers to the Eight auspicious Girls—(representing the eight celestial nymphs of Indra’s heaven) which are mentioned as holding various attributes, according to Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 93.17-8: There is a list of Eight auspicious girls holding respectively sprouted water-jars, fan-palm, fly-whisk, parasol, mirror, mṛdaṅga, harp, drum and cloth and ornaments. These were regarded as eight celestial nymphs of Indra’s heaven and frequently referred in literature as aṣṭakanyā or sabhā-kanyā. [...] The list of eight auspicious girls also occurs in the Lalitavistara (VII, p. 71). [...] These were also known as the eight women of Indra’s court (aṣṭau yoṣitaḥ or aṣṭau apsarasaḥ).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yoṣit (योषित्).—f.,

-yoṣitā [Uṇādi-sūtra 1.97] A woman, a girl, young woman in general; गच्छन्तीनां रमणवसतिं योषितां तत्र नक्तम् (gacchantīnāṃ ramaṇavasatiṃ yoṣitāṃ tatra naktam) Meghadūta 39; Śiśupālavadha 4.42;8.25; योषा योषित् योषिता च जोषा जोषिच्च जोषिता (yoṣā yoṣit yoṣitā ca joṣā joṣicca joṣitā) Śabdaratnāvalī.

See also (synonyms): yoṣā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣit (योषित्).—f. (-ṣit) A woman in general. E. yuṣ Sautra root, to serve, to worship, to hurt, iti Unadi aff.; also with ṭāp added yoṣitā f. (-tā) .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣit (योषित्).—i. e. juṣ + it (for joṣant, ptcple. pres.), f. A woman, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 40.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣit (योषित्).—[feminine] the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣit (योषित्):—[from yoṣaṇā] f. = yoṣaṇā (also applied to the females of animals and to inanimate things e.g. yoṣito mantrāḥ, ‘female magical texts’), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣit (योषित्):—(t) 5. f. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yoshit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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