Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.23

या हि काश्चिद्युवतयो हरन्ति सदृशं जनम् ।
निकृष्टोत्कृष्टयोर्भावं या गृह्णन्ति तु ताः स्त्रियः ॥ २३ ॥

yā hi kāścidyuvatayo haranti sadṛśaṃ janam |
nikṛṣṭotkṛṣṭayorbhāvaṃ yā gṛhṇanti tu tāḥ striyaḥ || 23 ||

'Ordinary women captivate similar lovers; but they are truly women who subdue the natures of high and low.'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Cidi, Uvat, Aya, Ayas, Harat, Haranti, Sadrisham, Sadrish, Sadrisha, Jana, Nikrishta, Utkrishta, Bhava, Grihnat, Tas, Stri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ hi kāścidyuvatayo haranti sadṛśaṃ janam
  • yā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kāś -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cidyu -
  • cidi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    cidi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    cidi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • uvat -
  • u -> uvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √u class 2 verb], [vocative single from √u class 2 verb], [accusative single from √u class 2 verb]
  • ayo* -
  • ayas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    aya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • haranti -
  • harantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    harantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    harantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    hṛ -> harat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √hṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ -> harantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • sadṛśam -
  • sadṛśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sadṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sadṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sadṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sadṛś (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • janam -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “nikṛṣṭotkṛṣṭayorbhāvaṃ gṛhṇanti tu tāḥ striyaḥ
  • nikṛṣṭo -
  • nikṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nikṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nikṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • utkṛṣṭayor -
  • utkṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    utkṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    utkṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • bhāvam -
  • bhāva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhū -> bhāvam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bhū]
  • yā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gṛhṇanti -
  • gṛhṇat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    grah -> gṛhṇat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √grah class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √grah class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √grah class 9 verb]
    grah (verb class 9)
    [present active third plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tāḥ -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • striyaḥ -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.23

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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