Ayas, Ayās, Āyas, Ayash: 6 definitions

Introduction

Ayas means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Ayas (अयस्) refers to “iron”: a metal that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. It is also known as Loha. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals (eg., ayas) and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products. The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ayas (अयस्).—a. [i-gatau-asun]

1) Going, moving; nimble. n. (-yaḥ) 1 Iron (eti calati ayaskāntasaṃnikarṣaṃ iti tathātvam; nāyasollikhyate ratnam Śukra 4.169. abhitaptamayo'pi mārdavaṃ bhajate kaiva kathā śarīriṣu R.8.43.

2) Steel.

3) Gold.

4) A metal in general.

5) Aloe wood.

6) An iron instrument; yadayonidhanaṃ yāti so'sya dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ Mb.6.17.11.

7) Going. m. Fire. [cf. L. aes, aeris; Goth. ais, eisarn; Ger. eisin].

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Ayās (अयास्).—a. [fr. i 'to go' Nir.] Ved. Agile, nimble.

-yāḥ ind. [i -āsiḥ Uṇ.4.221] Fire.

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Āyas (आयस्).—4 P.

1) To exert oneself; पिण्डार्थमायस्यतः (piṇḍārthamāyasyataḥ) Mu.3.14.

2) To weary oneself, become exhausted or fatigued; नायस्यसि तपस्यन्ती (nāyasyasi tapasyantī) Bk.6.69,14.14,15.54. Caus.

1) To trouble, afflict; आयासयति मां जलाभिलाषः (āyāsayati māṃ jalābhilāṣaḥ) K.35; Mu.7.8; V.2.

2) To weary, tire out, worry.

3) To injure, affect; lessen, diminish; नाऽऽयासयन्त संत्रस्ता (nā''yāsayanta saṃtrastā) Bk.8.61.

4) To string (as a bow); अनायासितकार्मुकः (anāyāsitakārmukaḥ) Pt.1.385.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ayas (अयस्).—n.

(-yaḥ) Iron. m.

(-yāḥ) A name of Vahni or fire. E. iṇa to go, and asun Unadi. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ayas (अयस्).— (probably a-yam + as), n. Iron.

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Ayās (अयास्).—i. e. a-yas, adj. Indefatigable(?), Chr. 290, 11 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ayas (अयस्).—[neuter] metal, iron.

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Ayās (अयास्).—[adjective] untired, brisk, active.

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Āyas (आयस्).—= [Simple], [Causative] āyāsayati strain, stretch, tire, vex, harass ([with] ātmānam refl.*).

Āyas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and yas (यस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ayas (अयस्):—n. iron, metal, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) an iron weapon (as an axe, etc.), [Ṛg-veda vi, 3,5 and 47, 10]

3) gold, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]

4) steel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.];

5) cf. [Latin] aes, aer-is for as-is; [Gothic] ais, Thema aisa; Old [German] er, iron; [Gothic] eisarn; [modern] [German] Eisen.

6) Ayaś (अयश्):—[from ayas] (in [compound] for ayas).

7) Ayās (अयास्):—(2, twice 3 [i.e. aiās] [Ṛg-veda i, 167, 4 and, vi, 66, 5]) mfn. ([from] a + √yas?; See ayāsya), agile, dexterous, nimble, [Ṛg-veda]

8) n. (ind.) fire, [Uṇādi-sūtra]

9) Āyas (आयस्):—[=ā-√yas] [Parasmaipada] -yasyati, to work hard, exert one’s self, weary one’s self, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Harivaṃśa] etc.;

—to become exhausted, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.:

—[Causal] [Parasmaipada] -yāsayati, to weary, worry;

—to give pain, torment, [Suśruta; Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.:

—[Passive voice] of [Causal] -yāsyate, to pine away;

—to consume by grief, [Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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