Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 49.44

जीर्णातुरं मृतं दृष्ट्वा यो नोद्विजति संसारे ।
शोचेतव्यः स दुर्मेधा अन्धो ध्वनि यथा नष्टः ॥ ४४ ॥

jīrṇāturaṃ mṛtaṃ dṛṣṭvā yo nodvijati saṃsāre |
śocetavyaḥ sa durmedhā andho dhvani yathā naṣṭaḥ || 44 ||

He who has seen an old man, a diseased man and a dead man, and does not shudder at the round of rebirth, is to be grieved for as dull-witted, as a blind man who has lost his way. (44)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (49.44). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jirna, Mrita, Samsara, Samsari, Vya, Durmedha, Durmedhas, Andha, Andhas, Dhvani, Dhvanin, Yatha, Nashta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 49.44). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jīrṇāturaṃ mṛtaṃ dṛṣṭvā yo nodvijati saṃsāre
  • jīrṇāt -
  • jīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    jīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    jṝ -> jīrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [ablative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [ablative single from √jṝ class 9 verb]
    jṝ -> jīrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [ablative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [ablative single from √jṝ class 9 verb]
  • uram -
  • urā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mṛtam -
  • mṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √mṛ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • yo* -
  • Cannot analyse nodvijati*sa
  • saṃsāre -
  • saṃsāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    saṃsāri (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    saṃsāri (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “śocetavyaḥ sa durmedhā andho dhvani yathā naṣṭaḥ
  • śoceta -
  • śuc (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural]
  • vyaḥ -
  • vya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • durmedhā* -
  • durmedha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    durmedhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    durmedhas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • andho* -
  • andhas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    andha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhvani -
  • dhvani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dhvanī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    dhvanī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    dhvanī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhvanin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dhvanin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • naṣṭaḥ -
  • naṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    naś -> naṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √naś class 1 verb], [nominative single from √naś class 4 verb]
    naś -> naṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √naś class 1 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahavastu Verse 49.44

Cover of edition (1949)

The Mahavastu
by J. J. Jones (1949)

Translated from the Buddhist Sanskrit

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