Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 49.43

किं तुह्यं रौद्रं रोगसंतापमूलं ।
मृत्युं तं दृष्ट्वा यो विनाशो नराणां ॥ ४३ ॥

kiṃ tuhyaṃ raudraṃ rogasaṃtāpamūlaṃ |
mṛtyuṃ taṃ dṛṣṭvā yo vināśo narāṇāṃ || 43 ||

What is it to you that you have seen frightful death, the root of which is sickness and suffering, and which is the destruction of men? (43)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (49.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kim, Raudram, Raudra, Roga, Santapa, Mula, Mrityu, Yah, Vinasha, Nara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 49.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kiṃ tuhyaṃ raudraṃ rogasaṃtāpamūlaṃ
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tuhya -
  • tuh -> tuhya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tuh]
    tu (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • raudram -
  • raudram (indeclinable)
    raudra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    raudra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    raudrā (noun, feminine)
  • roga -
  • roga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • santāpa -
  • santāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    santāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mūlam -
  • mūla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mūla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mūlā (noun, feminine)
  • Line 2: “mṛtyuṃ taṃ dṛṣṭvā yo vināśo narāṇāṃ
  • mṛtyum -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vināśo* -
  • vināśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • narāṇām -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    nara (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahavastu Verse 49.43

Cover of edition (1949)

The Mahavastu
by J. J. Jones (1949)

Translated from the Buddhist Sanskrit

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