Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 44.13

यतो यवा कदाख्या च कोविदारा च फुल्लिता ।
वामं मार्गं ग्रहेत्वान गच्छामि यवकच्छकं ॥ १३ ॥

yato yavā kadākhyā ca kovidārā ca phullitā |
vāmaṃ mārgaṃ grahetvāna gacchāmi yavakacchakaṃ || 13 ||

This is the way to Yavakacchaka; if you are clever find it. Where the sparse barley grows and the ebony tree is in bloom, this way I’ll take and go to Yavakacchaka. (13)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (44.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatah, Yat, Yata, Yava, Yavan, Kadakhya, Phullita, Vamam, Vama, Marga, Graha, Grahi, Itvan, Ana, Yavaka, Ccha, Kah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 44.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yato yavā kadākhyā ca kovidārā ca phullitā
  • yato* -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yataḥ (indeclinable)
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb], [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • yavā -
  • yavā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    yavan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kadākhyā -
  • kadākhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kovidārā -
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • phullitā -
  • phullitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    phull -> phullitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √phull class 1 verb]
    phull (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • Line 2: “vāmaṃ mārgaṃ grahetvāna gacchāmi yavakacchakaṃ
  • vāmam -
  • vāmam (indeclinable)
    vāma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vāmā (noun, feminine)
  • mārgam -
  • mārga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mārga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mārgā (noun, feminine)
  • grahe -
  • graha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    graha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    grahā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    grahi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • itvā -
  • itvan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    itvan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> itvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
  • ana -
  • ana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gacchāmi -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [present active first single]
  • yavaka -
  • yavaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yavaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ccha -
  • ccha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ccha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kam -
  • ka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
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