Lotus Sutra (Saddharma-Pundarika) [sanskrit]

by H. Kern | 2013 | 16,351 words | ISBN-13: 9788120801226

The Lotus Sutra (Saddharma-pundarika) is an important Mahayana Buddhist scripture classified as one of the nine Dharmas. the Lotus Sutra deals with a wide range of important Buddhist teachings in twenty-seven chapters including the nature of the Buddhas and the inherent potentiality of becoming Buddha within all beings. This editions only contains the Sanskrit metrical text and the corresponding English translation. Alternative titles: Saddharma-puṇḍarīka-sūtra (सद्धर्म-पुण्डरीक-सूत्र).

चतुर्दिशं चात्र विलोकयन्ति गवाक्ष-उल्लोकनकेहि नित्यम् ।
ते यक्ष प्रेताश्च पिशाचकाश्च गृध्राश्च आहार गवेषमाणाः ॥ ५४ ॥

caturdiśaṃ cātra vilokayanti gavākṣa-ullokanakehi nityam |
te yakṣa pretāśca piśācakāśca gṛdhrāśca āhāra gaveṣamāṇāḥ || 54 ||

Those goblins, ghosts, imps, like vultures, are always looking out through the windows and loopholes, in all directions in search of food.

English translation by H. Kern (2013) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.54). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Viloka, Yat, Gavaksha, Lokana, Kah, Kim, Nitya, Tad, Yushmad, Yaksha, Preta, Pishacaka, Gridhra, Ahara, Gavesha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Lotus Sutra Verse 3.54). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “caturdiśaṃ cātra vilokayanti gavākṣa-ullokanakehi nityam”
  • caturdiśam -
  • caturdiśam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • cāt -
  • ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    cāt (adverb)
    cāt (ablative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    cāt (adverb)
    cāt (ablative single)
  • ra -
  • ra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ra (vocative single)
    ra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ra (vocative single)
  • viloka -
  • viloka (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    (compound)
    viloka (vocative single)
    viloka (vocative single)
    viloka (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    viloka (vocative single)
  • yanti -
  • yanti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    yat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    yanti (nominative plural)
    yanti (vocative plural)
    yanti (accusative plural)
    i -> yat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    yanti (nominative plural), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yanti (vocative plural), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yanti (accusative plural), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    yanti (present active third plural)
  • gavākṣau -
  • gavākṣa (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    gavākṣau (nominative dual)
    gavākṣa (vocative single)
    gavākṣau (vocative dual)
    gavākṣau (accusative dual)
    gavākṣa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    gavākṣa (vocative single)
  • aul -
  • u (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    aut (imperfect active third single)
  • lokana -
  • lokana (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    lokana (vocative single)
  • ke -
  • (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    ka (noun, neuter); (6 der.)
    (compound)
    ke (nominative dual)
    ka (vocative single)
    ke (vocative dual)
    ke (accusative dual)
    ke (locative single)
    ka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ke (nominative plural)
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ke (nominative plural)
    kim (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ke (nominative dual)
    ke (accusative dual)
    (pronoun, feminine); (3 der.)
    (nominative single)
    ke (nominative dual)
    ke (accusative dual)
  • ihi -
  • i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    ihi (imperative active second single)
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nityam (adverb)
    nityam (accusative single)
    nitya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nityam (adverb)
    nityam (nominative single)
    nityam (accusative single)
    nityā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nityam (adverb)
  • Line2: “te yakṣa pretāśca piśācakāśca gṛdhrāśca āhāra gaveṣamāṇāḥ”
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (locative single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (locative single)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative single)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    tad (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (nominative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none); (2 der.)
    te (dative single)
    te (genitive single)
  • yakṣa -
  • yakṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    yakṣa (vocative single)
    yakṣa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    yakṣa (vocative single)
    yakṣ (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    yakṣa (imperative active second single)
  • pretāś -
  • preta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    pretāḥ (nominative plural)
    pretāḥ (vocative plural)
    pretā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    pretāḥ (nominative plural)
    pretāḥ (vocative plural)
    pretāḥ (accusative plural)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • piśācakāś -
  • piśācaka (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    piśācakāḥ (nominative plural)
    piśācakāḥ (vocative plural)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • gṛdhrāś -
  • gṛdhra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    gṛdhrāḥ (nominative plural)
    gṛdhrāḥ (vocative plural)
    gṛdhrā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    gṛdhrāḥ (nominative plural)
    gṛdhrāḥ (vocative plural)
    gṛdhrāḥ (accusative plural)
  • ca* -
  • ca (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    caḥ (nominative single)
  • āhāra -
  • āhāra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    āhāra (vocative single)
    āhāra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    āhāra (vocative single)
  • gaveṣam -
  • gaveṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    gaveṣam (adverb)
    gaveṣam (accusative single)
    gaveṣa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    gaveṣam (adverb)
    gaveṣam (nominative single)
    gaveṣam (accusative single)
    gaveṣā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    gaveṣam (adverb)
  • āṇā -
  • aṇ (verb class 1); (3 der.)
    āṇa (perfect active first single)
    āṇa (perfect active second plural)
    āṇa (perfect active third single)
    aṇ (verb class 4); (3 der.)
    āṇa (perfect active first single)
    āṇa (perfect active second plural)
    āṇa (perfect active third single)
  • aḥ -
  • a (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    aḥ (nominative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    aḥ (vocative single)
    (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    aḥ (vocative single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Lotus Sutra Verse 3.54

Cover of edition (2001)

The Lotus Sutra (Text with Hindi Translation)
by Ram Mohan Das (2001)

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