by Nandalal Sinha | 1923 | 149,770 words | ISBN-13: 9789332869165
The Vaisheshika-sutra 1.1.13, English translation, including commentaries such as the Upaskara of Shankara Mishra, the Vivriti of Jayanarayana-Tarkapanchanana and the Bhashya of Chandrakanta. The Vaisheshika Sutras teaches the science freedom (moksha-shastra) and the various aspects of the soul (eg., it's nature, suffering and rebirth under the law of karma). This is sutra 3 (‘above continued’) contained in Chapter 1—Of Substance, Attribute, and Action—of Book I (of the predicables).
Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of Vaiśeṣika sūtra 1.1.13:
उभयथा गुणाः ॥ १.१.१३ ॥
ubhayathā guṇāḥ || 1.1.13 ||
13. Attributes (are destroyed) in both ways.
Commentary: The Upaskāra of Śaṅkara Miśra:
He says that Attributes are capable of being destroyed by effect and cause:—[Read sūtra 1.1.13 above]
The meaning is (that they are) capable of being destroyed by effect as well as by cause. The initial Sound, etc., (in a series) are destroyed by their effects, but the last is destroyed by its cause, for the last but one destroys the last.—13.
Commentary: The Bhāṣya of Candrakānta:
An attribute sometimes destroys its cause (e.g., in chemical compounds), and sometimes does not destroy it (e.g., in physical compounds or masses).