Upaskara, Upaskāra: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Upaskara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upaskar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Upaskara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Upaskara (उपस्कर).—Broomstick; pregnant Diti (woman) not to sit on.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 7. 38.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Upaskāra (उपस्कार).—Introduction of the necessary changes in the wording of the base, such as elision, or addition or substitution of a letter or letters as caused by the addition of suffixes.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Upaskara (उपस्कर) refers to “(household) utensils”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Raśmi Ketu is a comet possessing a tail slightly coloured like smoke; it appears in the constellation of Kṛttikā. The effects are the same as those assigned to Sveta Ketu. Dhruva Ketu is a comet possessing no fixed course, colour or shape and appears anywhere in the heavens, in the sky and on Earth. When it appears glossy, mankind will be happy. To those whose death might be near this Ketu appears in the several divisions of the King’s army, in houses, in trees, in hills and in household utensils [i.e., upaskaragṛhiṇām upaskareṣu]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upaskara.—(HRS), known from the Kamauli plate of Vaidyadeva; probably meaning upakara (q. v.) or the appur- tenance to a tax (kara). Cf. nikara. Note: upaskara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upaskara (उपस्कर).—m S An article, item, point, particular, which serves to make complete, entire, or perfect; a useful or ornamental but not indispensable additament. 2 Any article of condiment; any article of household use.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upaskara (उपस्कर).—

1) Any article which serves to make anything complete, an ingredient; यथा क्रीडोपस्कराणां संयोग- विगमाविह । इच्छया क्रीडितुः स्यातां तथैवेशेच्छया नृणाम् (yathā krīḍopaskarāṇāṃ saṃyoga- vigamāviha | icchayā krīḍituḥ syātāṃ tathaiveśecchayā nṛṇām) || Bhāg. 1.13.43; Rām.2.3.44.

2) (Hence) Condiment or seasoning for food (as mustard, pepper &c.)

3) Furniture, appurtenance, apparatus, instrument (upakaraṇa); उपस्करो रथस्यासीत् (upaskaro rathasyāsīt) Mb.; Śiśupālavadha 18.72.

4) Any article or implement of household use (such as a broomstick); संयतोपस्करा दक्षा (saṃyatopaskarā dakṣā) Y.1.83;2.193; Manusmṛti 3.68,12.66,5. 15.

5) An ornament.

6) Censure, blame.

Derivable forms: upaskaraḥ (उपस्करः).

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Upaskāra (उपस्कार).—

1) Anything additional, a supplement.

2) (Supplying) An ellipsis; वानप्रस्थानां च द्रव्योपस्कार इति (vānaprasthānāṃ ca dravyopaskāra iti) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.191.11. साकाङ्क्षमनुपस्कारं विष्वग्गति निराकुलम् (sākāṅkṣamanupaskāraṃ viṣvaggati nirākulam) Kirātārjunīya 11.38.

3) Beautifying, ornamenting by way of adding grace; उक्तमेवार्थं सोपस्कारमाह (uktamevārthaṃ sopaskāramāha) Malli. on R.11.47.

4) An ornament; सोपस्काराः प्रावहन्नस्रतोयाः (sopaskārāḥ prāvahannasratoyāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 18.72.

5) A stroke.

6) A collection.

7) Condiment, seasoning material; उपस्कारैः स्कारैरुपचितरसामोदभरणम् (upaskāraiḥ skārairupacitarasāmodabharaṇam) Viś. Guṇā.472.

Derivable forms: upaskāraḥ (उपस्कारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaskara (उपस्कर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A condiment, a spice or seasoning, mustard, pepper, &c. 2. An article of household use, as a broom, a basket, &c. 3. Blame, censure. E. upa complete, and kara what makes, sa inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaskara (उपस्कर).—i. e. upa-kṛ + a, m. (and n. Chr. 36, 18). 1. Implements, Mahābhārata 2, 2063; household implements, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 66. 2. A broom (? vb. kṛ10), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 63.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaskara (उपस्कर).—[masculine] ([neuter]) anything subsidiary or complementary, ingredient, condiment, utensil, instrument, [especially] of household.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upaskara (उपस्कर):—[upa-skara] (raḥ) 1. m. A condiment or spice; household utensil; blame.

2) Upaskāra (उपस्कार):—[upa-skāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Ornament.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upaskara (उपस्कर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Upakkhara, Uvakkhara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upaskara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upaskara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Upaskara (उपस्कर) [Also spelled upaskar]:—(nm) equipment, apparatus.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upaskara (ಉಪಸ್ಕರ):—

1) [noun] that which is required to make a thing complete; an ingredient.

2) [noun] a condiment or seasoning material for foods (such as mustard, pepper, etc.).

3) [noun] household furniture, apparatus, instrument etc.

4) [noun] any article or implement (as broomstick) used in the house.

5) [noun] that which enhances beauty; an ornament.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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