Upaskara, Upaskāra: 15 definitions
Upaskara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Upaskar.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Upaskara (उपस्कर).—Broomstick; pregnant Diti (woman) not to sit on.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 7. 38.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Upaskāra (उपस्कार).—Introduction of the necessary changes in the wording of the base, such as elision, or addition or substitution of a letter or letters as caused by the addition of suffixes.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Upaskara (उपस्कर) refers to “(household) utensils”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Raśmi Ketu is a comet possessing a tail slightly coloured like smoke; it appears in the constellation of Kṛttikā. The effects are the same as those assigned to Sveta Ketu. Dhruva Ketu is a comet possessing no fixed course, colour or shape and appears anywhere in the heavens, in the sky and on Earth. When it appears glossy, mankind will be happy. To those whose death might be near this Ketu appears in the several divisions of the King’s army, in houses, in trees, in hills and in household utensils [i.e., upaskara—gṛhiṇām upaskareṣu]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Upaskara.—(HRS), known from the Kamauli plate of Vaidyadeva; probably meaning upakara (q. v.) or the appur- tenance to a tax (kara). Cf. nikara. Note: upaskara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
upaskara (उपस्कर).—m S An article, item, point, particular, which serves to make complete, entire, or perfect; a useful or ornamental but not indispensable additament. 2 Any article of condiment; any article of household use.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Any article which serves to make anything complete, an ingredient; यथा क्रीडोपस्कराणां संयोग- विगमाविह । इच्छया क्रीडितुः स्यातां तथैवेशेच्छया नृणाम् (yathā krīḍopaskarāṇāṃ saṃyoga- vigamāviha | icchayā krīḍituḥ syātāṃ tathaiveśecchayā nṛṇām) || Bhāg. 1.13.43; Rām.2.3.44.
2) (Hence) Condiment or seasoning for food (as mustard, pepper &c.)
3) Furniture, appurtenance, apparatus, instrument (upakaraṇa); उपस्करो रथस्यासीत् (upaskaro rathasyāsīt) Mb.; Śiśupālavadha 18.72.
4) Any article or implement of household use (such as a broomstick); संयतोपस्करा दक्षा (saṃyatopaskarā dakṣā) Y.1.83;2.193; Manusmṛti 3.68,12.66,5. 15.
5) An ornament.
6) Censure, blame.
Derivable forms: upaskaraḥ (उपस्करः).
--- OR ---
1) Anything additional, a supplement.
2) (Supplying) An ellipsis; वानप्रस्थानां च द्रव्योपस्कार इति (vānaprasthānāṃ ca dravyopaskāra iti) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.191.11. साकाङ्क्षमनुपस्कारं विष्वग्गति निराकुलम् (sākāṅkṣamanupaskāraṃ viṣvaggati nirākulam) Kirātārjunīya 11.38.
3) Beautifying, ornamenting by way of adding grace; उक्तमेवार्थं सोपस्कारमाह (uktamevārthaṃ sopaskāramāha) Malli. on R.11.47.
4) An ornament; सोपस्काराः प्रावहन्नस्रतोयाः (sopaskārāḥ prāvahannasratoyāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 18.72.
5) A stroke.
6) A collection.
7) Condiment, seasoning material; उपस्कारैः स्कारैरुपचितरसामोदभरणम् (upaskāraiḥ skārairupacitarasāmodabharaṇam) Viś. Guṇā.472.
Derivable forms: upaskāraḥ (उपस्कारः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) 1. A condiment, a spice or seasoning, mustard, pepper, &c. 2. An article of household use, as a broom, a basket, &c. 3. Blame, censure. E. upa complete, and kara what makes, sa inserted.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upaskara (उपस्कर).—i. e. upa-kṛ + a, m. (and n.
Upaskara (उपस्कर).—[masculine] ([neuter]) anything subsidiary or complementary, ingredient, condiment, utensil, instrument, [especially] of household.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Upaskara (उपस्कर):—[upa-skara] (raḥ) 1. m. A condiment or spice; household utensil; blame.
2) Upaskāra (उपस्कार):—[upa-skāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Ornament.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Upaskara (उपस्कर) [Also spelled upaskar]:—(nm) equipment, apparatus.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] that which is required to make a thing complete; an ingredient.
2) [noun] a condiment or seasoning material for foods (such as mustard, pepper, etc.).
3) [noun] household furniture, apparatus, instrument etc.
4) [noun] any article or implement (as broomstick) used in the house.
5) [noun] that which enhances beauty; an ornament.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Upa.
Full-text (+1): Uvakkhara, Vyupaskara, Upaskriti, Upakkhara, Patropaskara, Upaskar, Supaskara, Samyatopaskara, Susamskritopaskara, Upakara, Abhishecana, Apakshepana, Apratiti, Sopaskara, Susamskrita, Vesavara, Aprasiddha, Shabd, Apekshabuddhi, Apavarga.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Upaskara, Upaskāra, Upa-skara, Upa-skāra; (plurals include: Upaskaras, Upaskāras, skaras, skāras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary (by Nandalal Sinha)
Sūtra 6.1.13 (Killing is not sinful in certain circumstances) < [Chapter 1 - Of Vedic Duties]
Sūtra 1.1.9 (Resemblance of Substance and Attribute) < [Chapter 1 - Of Substance, Attribute, and Action]
Sūtra 5.2.6 (Cause of evaporation of water, continued) < [Chapter 2 - Of Non-volitional Action]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 3.4.450 < [Chapter 4 - Descriptions of Śrī Acyutānanda’s Pastimes and the Worship of Śrī Mādhavendra]
Verse 1.8.159 < [Chapter 8 - The Disappearance of Jagannātha Miśra]
Verse 2.9.44 < [Chapter 9 - The Lord’s Twenty-One Hour Ecstasy and Descriptions of Śrīdhara and Other Devotees’ Characteristics]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - Philosophy in the Vaiśeṣika sūtras < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 3 - Does Vaiśeṣika represent an Old School of Mīmāṃsā? < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 7 - The Vaiśeṣika and Nyāya Literature < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)