Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.149.40

इन्द्रस्यापि भयं ह्येते जनयेयुर्महाहवे ।
किं पुनर्धार्तराष्ट्राणां लुब्धानां पापचेतसाम् ॥ ४० ॥

indrasyāpi bhayaṃ hyete janayeyurmahāhave |
kiṃ punardhārtarāṣṭrāṇāṃ lubdhānāṃ pāpacetasām || 40 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...our happiness and misery. Even he is the Ordainer and Creator. In him is established the fruition of our desires. Let him, therefore, be the leader of our host, who may be named by Krishna...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.149.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Indra, Api, Bhaya, Eta, Etad, Eti, Esha, Mahahava, Kim, Punar, Dhartarashtra, Lubdha, Papacetas, Papacetasa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.149.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “indrasyāpi bhayaṃ hyete janayeyurmahāhave
  • indrasyā -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • bhayam -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
  • hye -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • ete -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • janayeyur -
  • jan (verb class 10)
    [optative active third plural]
    jan (verb class 0)
    [optative active third plural]
  • mahāhave -
  • mahāhava (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “kiṃ punardhārtarāṣṭrāṇāṃ lubdhānāṃ pāpacetasām
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
  • dhārtarāṣṭrāṇām -
  • dhārtarāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    dhārtarāṣṭra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • lubdhānām -
  • lubdha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    lubdha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    lubdhā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    lubh -> lubdha (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √lubh class 4 verb], [genitive plural from √lubh class 6 verb]
    lubh -> lubdha (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √lubh class 4 verb], [genitive plural from √lubh class 6 verb]
    lubh -> lubdhā (participle, feminine)
    [genitive plural from √lubh class 4 verb], [genitive plural from √lubh class 6 verb]
  • pāpacetasām -
  • pāpacetas (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    pāpacetas (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    pāpacetasā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.149.40

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.149.40 in Kannada sript:
ಇನ್ದ್ರಸ್ಯಾಪಿ ಭಯಂ ಹ್ಯೇತೇ ಜನಯೇಯುರ್ಮಹಾಹವೇ ।
ಕಿಂ ಪುನರ್ಧಾರ್ತರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಾಣಾಂ ಲುಬ್ಧಾನಾಂ ಪಾಪಚೇತಸಾಮ್ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.149.40 in Bengali sript:
ইন্দ্রস্যাপি ভযং হ্যেতে জনযেযুর্মহাহবে ।
কিং পুনর্ধার্তরাষ্ট্রাণাং লুব্ধানাং পাপচেতসাম্ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.149.40 in Gujarati sript:
ઇન્દ્રસ્યાપિ ભયં હ્યેતે જનયેયુર્મહાહવે ।
કિં પુનર્ધાર્તરાષ્ટ્રાણાં લુબ્ધાનાં પાપચેતસામ્ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.149.40 in Malayalam sript:
ഇന്ദ്രസ്യാപി ഭയം ഹ്യേതേ ജനയേയുര്മഹാഹവേ ।
കിം പുനര്ധാര്തരാഷ്ട്രാണാം ലുബ്ധാനാം പാപചേതസാമ് ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 5.149.40 in Telugu sript:
ఇన్ద్రస్యాపి భయం హ్యేతే జనయేయుర్మహాహవే ।
కిం పునర్ధార్తరాష్ట్రాణాం లుబ్ధానాం పాపచేతసామ్ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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