Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.39.39

मार्दवं सर्वभूतानामनसूया क्षमा धृतिः ।
आयुष्याणि बुधाः प्राहुर्मित्राणां चाविमानना ॥ ३९ ॥

mārdavaṃ sarvabhūtānāmanasūyā kṣamā dhṛtiḥ |
āyuṣyāṇi budhāḥ prāhurmitrāṇāṃ cāvimānanā || 39 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...much to ascertain the good qualities of others as to ascertain their faults. He that desires the highest success in all matters connected with worldly profit, should from the very beginning...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.39.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mardava, Sarvabhuta, Anasuya, Kshama, Dhriti, Ayushya, Budha, Pra, Ahu, Mitra, Idam, Ana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.39.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mārdavaṃ sarvabhūtānāmanasūyā kṣamā dhṛtiḥ
  • mārdavam -
  • mārdava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mārdava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarvabhūtānām -
  • sarvabhūta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    sarvabhūta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sarvabhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • anasūyā -
  • anasūyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣamā* -
  • kṣama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dhṛtiḥ -
  • dhṛti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhṛti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “āyuṣyāṇi budhāḥ prāhurmitrāṇāṃ cāvimānanā
  • āyuṣyāṇi -
  • āyuṣya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • budhāḥ -
  • budha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    budhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • prā -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    prā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • ahur -
  • ahu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ahu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third plural]
  • mitrāṇām -
  • mitra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    mitra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    mitrā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • cāvi -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • imān -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • anā -
  • anā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.39.39

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.39.39 in Kannada sript:
ಮಾರ್ದವಂ ಸರ್ವಭೂತಾನಾಮನಸೂಯಾ ಕ್ಷಮಾ ಧೃತಿಃ ।
ಆಯುಷ್ಯಾಣಿ ಬುಧಾಃ ಪ್ರಾಹುರ್ಮಿತ್ರಾಣಾಂ ಚಾವಿಮಾನನಾ ॥ ೩೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.39.39 in Bengali sript:
মার্দবং সর্বভূতানামনসূযা ক্ষমা ধৃতিঃ ।
আযুষ্যাণি বুধাঃ প্রাহুর্মিত্রাণাং চাবিমাননা ॥ ৩৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.39.39 in Gujarati sript:
માર્દવં સર્વભૂતાનામનસૂયા ક્ષમા ધૃતિઃ ।
આયુષ્યાણિ બુધાઃ પ્રાહુર્મિત્રાણાં ચાવિમાનના ॥ ૩૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.39.39 in Malayalam sript:
മാര്ദവം സര്വഭൂതാനാമനസൂയാ ക്ഷമാ ധൃതിഃ ।
ആയുഷ്യാണി ബുധാഃ പ്രാഹുര്മിത്രാണാം ചാവിമാനനാ ॥ ൩൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.39.39 in Telugu sript:
మార్దవం సర్వభూతానామనసూయా క్షమా ధృతిః ।
ఆయుష్యాణి బుధాః ప్రాహుర్మిత్రాణాం చావిమాననా ॥ ౩౯ ॥

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