Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.161.4

उत्तिष्ठोत्तिष्ठ भद्रं ते न त्वमर्हस्यरिंदम ।
मोहं नृपतिशार्दूल गन्तुमाविष्कृतः क्षितौ ॥ ४ ॥

uttiṣṭhottiṣṭha bhadraṃ te na tvamarhasyariṃdama |
mohaṃ nṛpatiśārdūla gantumāviṣkṛtaḥ kṣitau || 4 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...is gradually becoming fruitless. I have spoken to you about its origin and transmission. Listen now to its power! One may see (by its aid) whatever one wishes to see, and in whatever...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.161.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhadram, Bhadra, Tad, Yushmad, Tva, Arha, Arindama, Moha, Shardula, Gantu, Avishkrita, Kshit, Kshita, Kshiti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.161.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “uttiṣṭhottiṣṭha bhadraṃ te na tvamarhasyariṃdama
  • Cannot analyse uttiṣṭhottiṣṭha*bh
  • bhadram -
  • bhadram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhadra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhadra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhadrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • arhasya -
  • arha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    arha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    arh (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • arindama -
  • arindama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arindama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “mohaṃ nṛpatiśārdūla gantumāviṣkṛtaḥ kṣitau
  • moham -
  • moha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mohā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nṛpati -
  • nṛpati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śārdūla -
  • śārdūla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gantum -
  • gam -> gantum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √gam]
    gam -> gantum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √gam]
    gam -> gantum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √gam]
    gantu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • āviṣkṛtaḥ -
  • āviṣkṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣitau -
  • kṣit (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṣita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṣiti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    kṣiti (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kṣī -> kṣita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √kṣī class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kṣī class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kṣī class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √kṣī class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √kṣī class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √kṣī class 5 verb], [nominative dual from √kṣī class 9 verb], [vocative dual from √kṣī class 9 verb], [accusative dual from √kṣī class 9 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.161.4

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.161.4 in Kannada sript:
ಉತ್ತಿಷ್ಠೋತ್ತಿಷ್ಠ ಭದ್ರಂ ತೇ ನ ತ್ವಮರ್ಹಸ್ಯರಿಂದಮ ।
ಮೋಹಂ ನೃಪತಿಶಾರ್ದೂಲ ಗನ್ತುಮಾವಿಷ್ಕೃತಃ ಕ್ಷಿತೌ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.161.4 in Bengali sript:
উত্তিষ্ঠোত্তিষ্ঠ ভদ্রং তে ন ত্বমর্হস্যরিংদম ।
মোহং নৃপতিশার্দূল গন্তুমাবিষ্কৃতঃ ক্ষিতৌ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.161.4 in Gujarati sript:
ઉત્તિષ્ઠોત્તિષ્ઠ ભદ્રં તે ન ત્વમર્હસ્યરિંદમ ।
મોહં નૃપતિશાર્દૂલ ગન્તુમાવિષ્કૃતઃ ક્ષિતૌ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.161.4 in Malayalam sript:
ഉത്തിഷ്ഠോത്തിഷ്ഠ ഭദ്രം തേ ന ത്വമര്ഹസ്യരിംദമ ।
മോഹം നൃപതിശാര്ദൂല ഗന്തുമാവിഷ്കൃതഃ ക്ഷിതൌ ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.161.4 in Telugu sript:
ఉత్తిష్ఠోత్తిష్ఠ భద్రం తే న త్వమర్హస్యరిందమ ।
మోహం నృపతిశార్దూల గన్తుమావిష్కృతః క్షితౌ ॥ ౪ ॥

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