Arindama: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Arindama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Arindama in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Arindama (अरिन्दम) or Dama was an ancient king of Kaliṅga, known as the gambler Guṇanidhi in a previous life, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.18.—“[...] thus freed from the emissaries of Yama, the Brahmin boy [viz., Guṇanidhi] became pure-minded and went to Śivaloka along with the attendants of Śiva. There he served Śiva and Śivā (Pārvatī) and enjoyed all sorts of pleasures. Afterwards he was born as the son of Arindama, the king of Kaliṅga [viz., Kaliṅgarāja or Kaliṅgarājan]. Known as Dama he was devoted to the service of Śiva. Even as a boy he carried on many acts of devotion to Śiva in the company of other children. When his father passed away he became the king in the prime of his youth. In his kingdom he spread the ideals and tenets of Śiva lovingly. The king Dama was unconquerable. O Brahmin, he did not stress any act of piety other than furnishing temples of Śiva with lamps in plenty”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Arindama (अरिन्दम).—The son of Śivasvāti and father of Gomatīputra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Arindama in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Arindama (अरिन्दम) is the name of a sage who, while being transformed in a deer, was accidentally slain by king Pāṇḍu during hunting, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 21. Their story was told by sage Nārada to king Udayana in order to demonstrate that “the occupation called hunting is a madness of kings, for other kings have been done to death by it, even as the various deer they have slain”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Arindama, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Arindama - The Bodhisatta, born as King of Benares and son of the Magadha King of Rajagaha. During the time of Sikhi Buddha he held a great almsgiving for the Buddha and his monks; he presented to the Order a fully caparisoned elephant which he redeemed by giving suitable gifts to the height of an elephant (J.i.41; Bu.xxi.9). He had as friend the chaplains son, Sonaka. They both studied in Takkasila and at the conclusion of their studies they travelled about in search of experience. In the course of their travels Arindama was elected to succeed the King of Benares who had died childless, and Sonaka became a Pacceka Buddha. Forty years later Arindama wished to see Sonaka, but no one could tell him his whereabouts in spite of the offer of a large reward. Ten years later Sonaka saw the king through the good offices of a lad of seven, who belonged to the harem and had learnt a song composed by the king expressing his desire to meet Sonaka. At the meeting, however, the king failed to recognise him. Sonaka, not revealing his identity, spoke to the king about the joys of renunciation, and disappeared through the air. The king, moved by his words, decided to give up the throne and to follow the ascetic life. He appointed his eldest son Dighavu king in his stead, handed over to him all his possessions, and developing supernatural faculties was born in the Brahma world (J.v.247-61).

Arindama is mentioned together with Mahajanaka as an example of a king who renounced a mighty kingdom to lead a hermits life (J.iii.489). The story also appears in the Mahavastu (iii.449ff), but the details given differ from those of the Jataka version. There Arindama is spoken of as the King of Mithila.

In both accounts Dighavus mother, the kings chief queen, is spoken of as having died before the kings renunciation.

According to the Buddhavamsa Commentary (BuA.203), Arindamas capital was Paribhuttanagara. (v.l. Arindamaka.)

2. Arindama - King in the time of Sumana Buddha. A great dispute had arisen at this time regarding nirodha and all the inhabitants of many thousand world systems were divided into two camps. In order to settle their doubts, the disputants, with Arindama at their head, sought the Buddha. The Buddha sat on Mount Yugandhara while Arindama, with his ninety thousand crores of followers, sat on a golden rock, which by the power of his merit had sprung from the earth near Sankassa. The Buddha preached to them, and at the end of the sermon they all became arahants. BuA.128-9.

3. Arindama - King of Uttara. When Revata Buddha visited his city the king went to see him, accompanied by three crores of people. The next day a great almsgiving was held for the Buddha and the monks, and also a festival of light covering a space of three leagues. The Buddha preached to the assembly,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Arindama (अरिन्दम) refers to the last of the one-hundred descendants of king Accima: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. Of the hundred kings descended from King Accima, the last was named King Arindama. His son founded the city of Ayujjhapura and reigned. He and his descendants in that city numbered fifty-six. The last of these fifty-six kings was named Duppasaha. His son founded Bārāṇasī and reigned. He and his descendants in that city were sixty.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Arindama (अरिन्दम) is the name of an ancient Ācārya, according to chapter 2.1 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “after the great Muni Arindama had delivered this sermon, he set out to wander elsewhere. For ascetics do not stay in one place. Then he (Vimalavāhana) wandered constantly with his preceptor, like his shadow, in villages, cities, forests, mines, towns accessible by land and water, etc.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arindama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

arindama : (3) tamer of enemies; a conqueror.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Arindama, (Sk. arindama, ariṃ + dama of dam) a tamer of enemies, victor, conqueror Pv IV. 315 (= arīnaṃ damanasīla PvA. 251); Sdhp. 276. (Page 77)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Arindama (अरिन्दम).—(= Pali id.), name of an ancient king (pre-vious incarnation of Śreṇiya Bimbisāra; but in the Pali version, Jātaka (Pali) 529, of the Bodhisattva): Mahāvastu iii.449.17 ff. (one or both mss. often cited as reading Anindama).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arindama (अरिन्दम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Conquering, victorious, E. ari, and dama to tame, affix khac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arindama (अरिन्दम):—[arinda+ma] (maḥ-mā-maṃ) a. Conquering.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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