Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.145.38

स कालः सोऽन्तको मृत्युः स तमो रात्र्यहानि च ।
मासार्धमासा ऋतवः संध्ये संवत्सरश्च सः ॥ ३८ ॥

sa kālaḥ so'ntako mṛtyuḥ sa tamo rātryahāni ca |
māsārdhamāsā ṛtavaḥ saṃdhye saṃvatsaraśca saḥ || 38 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Krishna, I wish to eat frumenty without delay!' Having understood his mind previously, I had set my servants to prepare every kind of food and drink. Indeed, many excellent viands had been kept ready. As soon as I was asked, I caused hot frumenty...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.145.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kala, Sah, Antaka, Mrityu, Tama, Tamas, Ratri, Aha, Ahan, Masardhamasa, Ritu, Sandhya, Samvatsara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.145.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa kālaḥ so'ntako mṛtyuḥ sa tamo rātryahāni ca
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kālaḥ -
  • kāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • antako* -
  • antaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mṛtyuḥ -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tamo* -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rātrya -
  • rātrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • ahāni -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    ahan (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “māsārdhamāsā ṛtavaḥ saṃdhye saṃvatsaraśca saḥ
  • māsārdhamāsā* -
  • māsārdhamāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ṛtavaḥ -
  • ṛtu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • sandhye -
  • sandhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sandhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sandhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • saṃvatsaraś -
  • saṃvatsara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saḥ -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.145.38

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.145.38 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ಕಾಲಃ ಸೋಽನ್ತಕೋ ಮೃತ್ಯುಃ ಸ ತಮೋ ರಾತ್ರ್ಯಹಾನಿ ಚ ।
ಮಾಸಾರ್ಧಮಾಸಾ ಋತವಃ ಸಂಧ್ಯೇ ಸಂವತ್ಸರಶ್ಚ ಸಃ ॥ ೩೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.145.38 in Bengali sript:
স কালঃ সোঽন্তকো মৃত্যুঃ স তমো রাত্র্যহানি চ ।
মাসার্ধমাসা ঋতবঃ সংধ্যে সংবত্সরশ্চ সঃ ॥ ৩৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.145.38 in Gujarati sript:
સ કાલઃ સોઽન્તકો મૃત્યુઃ સ તમો રાત્ર્યહાનિ ચ ।
માસાર્ધમાસા ઋતવઃ સંધ્યે સંવત્સરશ્ચ સઃ ॥ ૩૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.145.38 in Malayalam sript:
സ കാലഃ സോഽന്തകോ മൃത്യുഃ സ തമോ രാത്ര്യഹാനി ച ।
മാസാര്ധമാസാ ഋതവഃ സംധ്യേ സംവത്സരശ്ച സഃ ॥ ൩൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.145.38 in Telugu sript:
స కాలః సోఽన్తకో మృత్యుః స తమో రాత్ర్యహాని చ ।
మాసార్ధమాసా ఋతవః సంధ్యే సంవత్సరశ్చ సః ॥ ౩౮ ॥

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